Silver perchlorate (AgClO4) is the chemical compound with the formula AgClO4 . This white solid forms a monohydrate and is light soluble in air . It is a useful source of Ag + ions, although the presence of perchlorate presents risks. It is used as a catalyst in inorganic chemistry.

Silver perchlorate (AgClO4) is made by heating a mixture of perchloric acid with silver nitrate .

Alternatively, it can be prepared by the reaction between barium perchlorate and silver sulfate , or by the reaction of perchloric acid with silver oxide .

chemical formulaAgClO4
molar mass207.319 g/mol
appearanceColorless hygroscopic crystals
density2.806 g/ cm3
Melting point486 °C (907 °F; 759 K) (dissolved)
Solubility in water557 g / 100 mL (25 ° C)
792.8 g / 100 mL (99 ° C)
solubilitysoluble in organic solvents


Silver perchlorate (AgClO4) is notable for its solubility in the aromatic solvents benzene (52.8 g/L) and toluene (1010 g/L). In these solvents, the silver cation binds to the sand, as demonstrated by extensive crystallographic studies on crystals obtained from such solutions. Its solubility in water is very high, up to 500 g per 100 mL of water.

Similar to silver nitrate , silver perchlorate is an effective reagent to replace solution ligands with perchlorate, which is a weak or non-coordinating ion . The use of silver perchlorate (AgClO4) in chemical synthesis has declined due to concerns about the explosiveness of perchlorate salts. Other silver reagents are silver tetrafluoroborate , and the related silver trifluoromethanesulfonate and silver hexafluorophosphate .

What material is silver made of?

Sterling silver consists of 92.5% silver and 7.5% other metals, mainly copper. Copper is harder than pure silver. Pure silver is very mild and is often called “fine silver”. Some objects look like silver because they are “silver plated” (thinly plated of pure silver).

How many types of silver are there?

It contains 92.5 percent silver. So on to this. 925 or 925 is stamped. Silver coins are 90% silver.

What is Silver?

Silver is a lustrous and precious metal. Its atomic number is 47 and atomic mass is 107.9. It is a ductile metal, hence it is used in making wire and jewellery. Its atomic electron configuration is -1s22s22p63s23p63d104s24p64d105s1. Silver is the most electrically conductive and heat-conducting metal.

How is silver work made?

To make varak, silver is beaten and molded into a sheet and its thickness remains only a few micrometers. To preserve it, it is placed between layers of paper and it is removed from these papers before use. It is very delicate and breaks into small pieces when touched.

Where is the silver mine?

By the way, the name of Bolivia is rarely heard, but few people would know that its biggest identity is also as a silver mine. There is 1.22 billion tonnes of mineral wealth, mostly silver, inside the mountains of the country’s capital city ‘Potosi’.

How many carats is silver?

Out of this, there is a scale ranging from one carat to 24 carat.

Why does silver turn black?

Silver turns black when it reacts with hydrogen sulfide present in the air.

When was silver discovered?

4000 BC Silver objects dating back to earlier were also found in Greece and a little later in Anatolia (modern Turkey). Silver artifacts have been seen in a Sumerian city dating back to about 3000 BC.