Let’s know about Deforestation Essay. Deforestation is a very bad reality of today’s time. Despite knowing the fact that how important trees and forests are for mankind, man is still continuously cutting down forests and clearing forest land for construction of buildings. In public we often hear speeches on deforestation by leaders to spread awareness and make sincere efforts towards this. But how often do we listen carefully to them and follow their paths? Hardly ever! But now is the time to take concrete steps and in fact our government should impose strict penalties and fines for cutting trees and misusing forest land.
Long and Short Speech on Deforestation
Speech – 1 (Deforestation Essay)
Now we will learn about deforestation essay. 300 words of essay.
Good morning students – hope you are all well!
Today I am going to address a very relevant topic related to global warming i.e. deforestation. Deforestation is a serious reality of the present times. This includes cutting down forests and misusing forest land without relocating it. The process of deforestation usually occurs when a piece of land is used to build a farm house or a large house. Apart from this, deforestation is also done due to the need of fuel or wood. When deforestation occurs, not only trees are destroyed but animals also become homeless from their natural habitat i.e. forests are destroyed by man. Deforestation also affects our climate and it also causes global warming.
There are many reasons behind deforestation, let us know some of them:
Deforestation as mentioned above is the act of cutting down trees. When the population increases, people start using forest land to build their homes and factories. Apart from this, the land is also used for agricultural purposes. The wood is used in the construction of buildings and apartments and the trees are burned as fuel. Forests are cut to make cities bigger and more impressive, that is, to build footpaths and roads.
Some other reasons are as follows:
- Forest fire
Massive fires in forests resulting in their destruction to a large extent.
Cutting and burning agriculture is generally defined as jhuming farming. In this process farmers cut trees from the forest to set fire. The ash produced by the fire is used as fertilizer and the land is used for farming purposes. After cultivation, the land is left vacant for many years so that it can be reused. Till that time the farmers use another part of the land and repeat the same process again. In technical parlance it is defined as shifting cultivation.
- hydroelectric projects
Forests are cut for hydroelectric projects, reservoirs and man-made dams, and all plants and animals are killed, which is an inhumane act.
- more grazing
The livestock population in our country is about 500 million although the area for grazing is about 13 million hectares. One hectare of land is capable of meeting the demand for food for six animals. The rest of the land used for grazing causes planting and destruction of soil structure. Due to the destruction of planting and soil structure, the water capacity is affected and it continues to grow. Eventually, due to all these reasons, vast lands of forest get destroyed.
Whatever be the reason, deforestation has a huge impact on our environment and disturbs the ecological balance. Global warming has increased and pollution level also affects our health to a large extent because when there will be no trees to block harmful gases and rays then obviously all these factors will affect the living beings on earth. So stop people from cutting trees and encourage them to plant more and more trees to save the environment.
Speech – 2 (Deforestation Essay)
Now we will learn about deforestation essay. 400 words of essay.
Respected Principal, Vice-Principal, Teachers and my dear students – Greetings from all of you!
I heartily welcome everyone from Smriti Kaushik class 12th-B to “Plant more trees” campaign. Before starting my speech on the topic of deforestation, I would like to thank our respected Principal, Vice-Principal and teachers for their support for starting this campaign and its successful execution. I would also like to thank my fellow students for being so proactive and cooperative for this all the time.
Since our campaign is all about planting more trees and preserving our environment, as the organizer of this campaign, I consider it extremely important to address the topic of deforestation. You all know that deforestation is all about wiping out trees and forest land which is extremely destructive to our environment. If we plant trees on one side and cut them on the other, then this practice is completely pointless. To make this campaign successful, we must first stop such heinous activities and stop human beings from destroying our nature.
Often many trees are being cut and forests are being destroyed for the selfish interests of humans. But do we realize how important forests are for all of us? Let us understand how forests are beneficial for us:
- soil farming
- regulation of the water cycle
- soil erosion prevention
- balance the environment
- give us oxygen
- natural shelter for animals
- Keeping a check on carbon dioxide and oxygen levels
- temperature regulation
- prevent tree disease
Forests are often protected because they provide protection against natural disasters. When forest areas are destroyed the soil also gets degraded and this process is called soil erosion. Trees also play an important role in carbon sequestration. When the tree decays or is burned, the carbon present in it goes back into the atmosphere in the form of gaseous form, that is, carbon dioxide. As we all know that carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, so the process of deforestation increases global warming. Sadly, tropical deforestation contributes about 20% towards world greenhouse gas emissions.
If we want to contribute towards our environment and want to preserve it for our next generation then it requires our collective efforts. Of course, any illegal or immoral activity i.e. cutting of trees and destruction of forest land should be stopped. Trees help in sustaining the living beings on this earth. Not only do we get vegetables, fruits, herbs and medicines made from plants and trees, but humans also get pure air and oxygen to breathe to survive.
So let’s take a pledge in this campaign that we will plant more and more trees in our life and at the same time help in conserving our natural wealth. I also invite suggestions from everyone present here to share their thoughts and make this campaign a success.
Speech – 3 (Deforestation Essay)
Now we will learn about deforestation essay. 500 words of essay.
Respected class teacher and dear friends – Greetings from my side to all of you !!
I am extremely glad that I have been asked to speak about a topic called deforestation. I am a nature lover and consider myself lucky to live among rivers and trees. So when I see nature being attacked, trees getting destroyed and rivers getting polluted, I feel very bad and I want to urge the government to take strict measures against those who are trying to protect their selfish interests. to harm nature.
Thus deforestation in terms of area means reduction of forest land. You will be surprised to know that 7,000 million hectares of forest land is facing a huge decline globally and the area of this land reached 2,400 million hectares in the year 2000. It is estimated that about 40% of forest land area is lost each year in temperate regions, compared to 1% loss of tropical region’s land.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the area of forest land in our country was about 30% of the total land. However, when the turn of the century came, it came down to 19.4% whereas the National Forest Policy of India (1968) suggested 67% forest land for hilly areas and 33% forest land for plain areas. Let us understand how deforestation harms our environment.
How deforestation affects the environment :
- This increases the amount of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere.
- The quality of the soil deteriorates as it dries up first and then gets eroded by water and wind.
- Deforestation also reduces rainfall and increases the risk of drought.
- It creates imbalance in the atmosphere by making summers cold and winters hot.
- The availability of wood for fuel is greatly reduced. In addition, products such as gums, latex, resin tannins and lacquers are less available.
- Depletion of forests will result in soil erosion and eventually barrenness which is of absolute no use. Due to the fall in the amount of rain, the fertile and moist forest land gets converted into desert and thus no flood news is heard.
Desert and deforestation are not the same words so let us understand the difference between the two:
- It is related to the transformation of a fertile and moist land into a dry desert place.
- The temperature becomes either low or high.
- Evaporation greatly reduces precipitation.
- There is no flood.
- The land becomes barren due to soil erosion.
- The dehydrated land becomes completely barren which cannot be used for any constructive use.
- It is about reduction in the area of forest land.
- It causes soil erosion.
- the rain starts to fall
- This increases the chances of flooding.
- Potential to moderate temperature gets affected.
Thus when our environment is affected so badly due to deforestation then our government should put a complete ban on this practice and spread awareness among people to plant more and more trees. Although much publicity and dissemination have been done in the past such as the famous Chipko movement, Silent Valley movement and Tehri dam development have spread awareness among the people and inspired the leadership to conserve forests and our nature.
But this is not the end because today’s young generation has to understand the importance of the situation and awaken the conscience of the people against the cutting of trees and forests.
Speech – 4 (Deforestation Essay)
Now we will learn about deforestation essay. 600 words of essay.
Dear friends – Greetings from my side to all of you!
Thank you all for gathering here and giving your best efforts towards our campaign to “Save Trees”. It is not necessary to say that tree is the source of life for all living beings, yet man is determined to destroy that source which is the reason for our existence on earth. Deforestation should not be encouraged by our government at any level because the process of cutting trees or burning forest and wood is not a good deed.
This activity shows the selfish interests of man in which he can do anything to make his life comfortable and easy. It is true that with increasing population the present residential spaces are not sufficient and hence forest land is used up. Also slow growing trees have been replaced with fast growing plants and wood meaning the conversion of valuable ecosystems of forests to relatively less valuable bio-diverse ecosystems such as plantations, croplands and pastures- With the clearing of the rainforest the trees are wiped out.
There are two main issues related to deforestation. First of all we all know that trees absorb CO2 which reduces the amount of carbon dioxide from our atmosphere. Carbon is a major contributing factor towards global warming and the greenhouse effect can also be prevented by checking the emissions of such gases.
Another concern is that trees are often cut down and set on fire. The wood cut from the tree is also thrown away and is not used for any creative purpose. In addition, burning wood releases carbon and other dangerous greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and trees that are cut down can also help remove these harmful gases from the atmosphere. Tropical deforestation also increases global warming and contributes about 20% of all greenhouse gases and has a significant impact on the global market.
The reasons why deforestation occurs are the following: overpopulation, urbanization, globalization and climate. Trees are cut regularly to obtain land for building construction and farming purposes. The trees are then used as timber.
In fact in many other countries globalization has led to the emission of carbon dioxide due to deforestation due to the increasing needs of factories and industries. Thus our environment and of course the living species are affected. China and India are great examples of this phenomenon. China is a large market that manufactures and supplies many products around the world.
However I would like to add the fact that trees should always be protected and should never be cut down as they not only provide us with various food products as well as medicinal substances but also help in absorbing green house gases like carbon dioxide. play an important role. This is because the number of trees in our atmosphere is decreasing and the presence of green house gases is increasing due to which the temperature of our earth is increasing. Another worst effect of deforestation on our environment is drought and floods. When forests are cut down, the normal flow of water is also disrupted, leading to unusual droughts and floods.
That’s why we should stop these attacks on nature and keep an eye on others not to do the same and if something like this happens then the punishment for that negligence should be strict. That’s all I have to say!