Environmental Pollution Essay

Let us know about Environmental Pollution Essay. “Pollution”, is a word that everyone hates. Nobody likes pollution, then where does it come from? No one else is responsible for this except human beings. It is human beings and their activities, which contribute to environmental pollution. We love to clean our house but we forget that the environment we breathe is also our home. Increasing pollution will affect humans as well as all living beings.

Short and Long Essay on Environmental Pollution

Let us understand the causes and deeper effects of environmental pollution through short and big essays.

Environmental Pollution Essay – 1 (300 words)


Pollution is the accumulation of dirt, impurities or other contaminants that cause adverse changes in the existing process. When these impurities affect the environment, we call it environmental pollution. The substances which contribute to pollution are called pollutants. Air pollution, soil pollution and water pollution are the three major contributors to environmental pollution. This pollution is either caused by human activities or natural calamities.

effects of pollution

Pollution has a negative and dangerous effect on every living being. Polluted environment harms human health in various ways. Due to the increasing rate of environmental pollution, human beings can become victims of various diseases. Due to this, the life of many living beings is in grave danger. From children to elders, everyone is in the grip of pollution.

Apart from humans, natural resources also suffer from this major concern. Air is turning yellow and water is turning black due to pollution. The increasing pace of environmental pollution disturbs the balance of the ecosystem. Other fauna such as aquatic species, plants and wildlife are also at risk. We can see increased numbers of mortality in some species.


Life in the past was much better than it is today. Earlier people did not have advanced technology, but they had pure air to breathe and water to drink. This helped them to stay healthy for a long time. But today even a small child is in the grip of many diseases due to increasing environmental pollution. If the right steps are not taken then the time is not far when we will have to face many difficulties and our life will come to a standstill.

Environmental Pollution Essay – 2 (400 words)


Environmental pollution means disturbing the ecosystem. People need to be aware of this problem. They are enjoying the present but are unaware of the future consequences. Pollution of the environment will disturb the balance of the earth. So we need to take this problem more seriously.

Types of environmental pollution

The three major types of environmental pollution are as follows:

Air Pollution : Pollution of air in the atmosphere is called air pollution. Toxic gas and smoke mix in the air and give rise to air pollution. Various gases such as carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide are highly toxic to breathe.

Water Pollution : The discharge of impurities, waste, toxic substances etc. into the water is called water pollution. People throw garbage, plastic etc in water bodies. As a result the water becomes harmful for use.

Land Soil Pollution : The accumulation of waste and non-biodegradable material in the soil causes soil or land pollution. Non-biodegradable waste makes the soil infertile. The high concentration of the toxic substance in the soil makes it inhospitable to both plants and humans.

Role of youth in environmental pollution

The lifestyle of the new generation or youth is contributing more to the environmental pollution. They are becoming lazy because of technical implementation. Now they use bikes and cars which create more air pollution instead of eco-friendly bicycles. Their comfort needs are met by manufacturing industries which are the main cause of air and water pollution.

However, youth can protect the environment by raising greater awareness. Adopting healthy and eco-friendly habits will help them achieve these goals. Planting trees, choosing a bicycle or walking for the nearby distance will be a great help.


Environmental pollution is a major concern which will hollow our future. Pollution is dangerous for the present and is turning into a major threat for the future. Everyone is responsible for this imbalance. That’s why we need to work together, a small help today will return a great happiness tomorrow.

Environmental Pollution Essay – 3 (500 words)


We live on Earth, which is the only planet where life is possible. The resources such as air, water and soil present here are limited. To pollute them means we are putting ourselves in trouble. The level of pollution is increasing day by day. In order to lead a healthy life, every person should contribute in reducing environmental pollution.

Due to environmental pollution

Some of the major causes of environmental pollution are given below:

  • Industrialization : Large industries release toxic gas into the air. Also harmful chemicals are released directly into the water bodies. They are responsible for most of the environmental pollution.
  • Modernization : We are very proudly accepting the modern culture but its negative effects cannot be ignored. No one wants to use a bicycle even for short distances. The increasing use of plastic is harming the environment.
  • Use of chemicals : Chemical fertilizers and pesticides damage the fertility of the soil. The burning of fossil fuels releases toxic gases that can later turn into acid rain and global warming.
  • Natural causes : Sometimes natural calamities like landslides, floods, volcanoes etc. can be attributed to cause pollution. They are responsible for soil erosion, water pollution, air pollution etc.

Steps for Control and Prevention _

By following some things and adopting some healthy habits, you can easily contribute in reducing environmental pollution. for example:

  • Give priority to cycling.
  • Choose biodegradable products instead of overusing plastics.
  • Treat impure and toxic chemicals before discharging them into water bodies.
  • Create awareness among people to plant more and more trees.
  • Use renewable resources and limit the use of fossil fuels.
  • Promote organic farming by reducing the use of chemical fertilizers.

impact of environmental pollution on the future

It is heartbreaking to imagine the future under the influence of environmental pollution. If the environment will be polluted to a great extent, then we have to carry oxygen kit with us to breathe. To drink pure water, we have to pay the price of every drop.

In addition, the lifespan of humans will be reduced and they will fall prey to many dangerous diseases. The balance of the ecosystem will be badly damaged and we will have to struggle to survive. The increasing effect of global warming and acid rain will end every life on this earth.


Increasing environmental pollution is not the problem of any particular country, but it is the problem of the whole world. Modernization is giving us comfortable and enjoyable life, but on the other hand, its effect is limiting the days of our life. So, it’s time to fight together and get out of this problem.

Frequently Asked Questions For Environmental Pollution Essay

How to write an essay on environmental pollution?

Air pollution, soil pollution and water pollution are the three major contributors to environmental pollution. This pollution is either caused by human activities or natural calamities. Pollution has a negative and dangerous effect on every living being. Polluted environment harms human health in various ways.

What is the definition of environmental pollution?

According to Odom, “Pollution is the harmful effect which has on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the atmosphere or the biosphere.” In other words, the undesirable changes in the natural composition and balance of our environment can be called pollution.

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