Let us know about Essay on Agriculture. Our country is an agricultural country, and agriculture is the foundation of our country’s economy. Agriculture in our country is not just farming but it is an art of living. The whole country is dependent on agriculture. The hunger of the people is satisfied only through agriculture. It is the backbone of the governance system of our country. Human civilization started with agriculture. Often in schools it is given to write essays on agriculture etc. In this regard, some small and big essays based on agriculture are being given.
Short and Long Essay on Agriculture
Essay on Agriculture – 1 (300 words)
Agriculture includes crop production, fruit and vegetable cultivation as well as floriculture, livestock production, fisheries, agro-forestry and forestry. These are all productive activities. In India, agricultural income was 30.3 per cent of the national income in 1987-88 which employed more than seventy five per cent of the people. By 2007 this figure had reached 52%.
Despite being the main economic activity, the productivity of the factors of production involved in agriculture is very low as compared to developed nations. It is a matter of great sadness that the farmer who feeds the people is not given much respect in our country.
what is agriculture
The production of food items through farming and forestry is called agriculture. The existence of the entire human race is dependent on agriculture. The basic necessity of our life, the manufacture of food is possible only through agriculture. Agriculture describes the practice of growing crops or raising animals.
Someone working as a farmer is in the agriculture industry. Agriculture, ‘Agriculture’ is made up of two Latin words, Agri + Culture. Which literally means agri meaning “field”, culture meaning “cultivation”. A piece of land, or planting and growing edible plants on it, largely implies agriculture.
Economists, such as T.W. Schult, John W. Melor, Walter A. Lewis and other economists have proved that agriculture and farming are the precursors of economic development which contribute immensely to its development. e.g. by supplying wage goods to industrial workers, by transferring surplus from agriculture to finance, for industrialization, by using the product of industry as investment for the agricultural sector and by transferring surplus labor from agriculture to industrial jobs. Contributing to the development of the country.
Essay on Agriculture – 2 (400 words)
Lister Brown in his book “Seeds of Change,” a “Study of the Green Revolution,” states that “the problem of trade will emerge in developing countries as agricultural output increases.”
Therefore, production for processing and marketing of agricultural products plays an important role in increasing employment and income for farms and rural population, resulting in rural development.
Features of Indian Agriculture :
(i) Source of livelihood – Agriculture is the main occupation in our country. It provides employment to about 61% of the total population. It contributes about 25% to the national income.
( ii) Dependence on monsoon – Our Indian agriculture mainly depends on monsoon. Agriculture is good if monsoon is good otherwise not.
( iii) Labor intensive farming – The pressure on land has increased due to increase in population. Land holdings get fragmented and subdivided. Machinery and equipment cannot be used on such farms.
( iv) Unemployment – Due to lack of adequate irrigation facilities and insufficient rainfall, farmers are engaged in agricultural activities for only a few months of the year. Because of which the rest of the time remains empty. It is also called hidden unemployment.
( v) Small size of holding – Due to large scale sub-division and fragmentation of holdings, the size of land holdings becomes quite small. Due to small holding size, it is not possible to do high level of cultivation.
( vi) Traditional Methods of Production – Traditional farming is practiced in our country. Not only farming, but the equipment used in it is also ancient and traditional, due to which advanced farming cannot be done.
( vii) Low Agricultural Production – Agricultural production in India is low. Wheat is produced in India at about 27 quintals per hectare, in France 71.2 quintals per hectare and in Britain 80 quintals per hectare. The average annual productivity of an agricultural laborer is estimated at $162 in India, $973 in Norway and $2,408 in the USA.
( viii) Dominance of food crops – About 75% of the cultivated area is under food crops such as wheat, rice and millets, while about 25% of the cultivated area is under commercial crops. This process is due to backward agriculture.
Indian agriculture is determined to make the best use of resources on existing technology, but they lose out on their share of profits from the sale of their produce in a trading system dominated by middlemen and thus grossly neglect the commercial side of agriculture. happened.
Essay on Agriculture – 3 (500 words)
At the time of independence, agriculture in India was completely backward. Productivity was very poor due to the use of centuries old and traditional techniques applied in agriculture. Talking about the present time, the quantity of fertilizers used in agriculture is also very less. Due to its low productivity, agriculture can only manage subsistence for Indian farmers and due to less commercialization of agriculture, our country is still behind in terms of agriculture from many countries.
types of agriculture
Agriculture is one of the most widespread activities in the world, but it is not the same everywhere. The following are the major types of agriculture around the world.
( i) Animal Husbandry – Under this system of farming, great emphasis is placed on rearing animals. Unlike nomadic herds, farmers lead a settled life.
( ii) Commercial Plantation – Although practiced in a small area, this type of cultivation is quite important in terms of its commercial value. The major products of this type of farming are tropical crops such as tea, coffee, rubber and palm oil. This type of farming has developed in parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
( iii) Mediterranean Agriculture – There are typically specific livestock and crop combinations in the rugged areas of the Mediterranean region. Wheat and citrus fruits are the major crops, and small animals are the major livestock reared in the area.
( iv) Underdeveloped sedentary tillage – This is a subsistence type of agriculture and it is different from other types as the same plot of land is cultivated continuously year after year. Apart from cereal crops, some tree crops like rubber tree etc. are grown using this system.
( v) Milk production – Market proximity and temperate climate are two favorable factors that are responsible for the development of this type of farming. Countries like Denmark and Sweden have developed this type of farming to the maximum.
( vi) Jhum farming – This type of agriculture is generally adopted by people living in tropical regions like South East Asia, with major emphasis on cereal crops. Due to the pressure of environmentalists, this type of farming is decreasing.
( vii) Commercial grain farming – This type of farming is a response to farm mechanization and is the dominant type of farming in areas with low rainfall and population. These crops are caused by weather conditions and drought.
( viii) Livestock and cereal farming – This type of agriculture is commonly known as mixed farming, and originated in the moist areas of mid latitudes except Asia. Its development is closely linked to market features, and it is generally a European type of cultivation.
Agriculture and business are two distinct axes, but interrelated and complementary, involving the organization and management of production from the use of agricultural resources to harvesting, processing and marketing of agricultural produce.