Essay on Bhagat Singh

Let us know about Essay on Bhagat Singh. Whenever there is talk of revolutionaries, the name of Bhagat Singh will be at the top of that category. For the freedom of the slave country, Bhagat Singh wrote the name of the country in his youth and whole life. In centuries, such a brave man blesses the earth by taking birth. Filled with the spirit of patriotism, Shaheed Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 in a patriotic Sikh family in the village of Banga, district Lyallpur in Punjab (present-day Pakistan). His father’s name was Sardar Kishan Singh and mother’s name was Vidyavati Kaur. The conduct of the family had a favorable effect on Sardar Bhagat Singh.

Short and Long Essay on Bhagat Singh

Essay on Bhagat Singh – 1 (300 words)


Bhagat Singh was born in the village of Banga, Lyallpur, present-day Pakistan. His family was highly influenced by Swami Dayanand’s ideology. It is said that ‘the feet of the son are visible only in the cradle’, seeing the exploits of Bhagat Singh’s childhood, people got the impression that he is brave, patient and fearless.

Bhagat Singh, “Run Wala”

At the time of the birth of Bhagat Singh, his father “Sardar Kishan Singh” and both his uncles “Sardar Ajit Singh” and “Sardar Swaran Singh” were imprisoned for being against the British Empire. He was released from jail the day he was born. In such a situation, there was a flood of happiness in Bhagat Singh’s house. Therefore, Bhagat Singh’s grandmother named him “Bhago Wala” which means lucky.

Bhagat Singh’s education initiation

Bhagat Singh got his early education from the primary school of the village. After the completion of primary education, in 1916-17, he was enrolled in DAV School, Lahore.

Factors Influencing Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh belonged to a patriotic family, he grew up listening to the stories of knights. At the same time in school, he came in contact with revolutionaries like Lala Lajpat Rai and Amba Prasad. In his association, the calm volcano inside Bhagat Singh was now coming into an active state, and in the midst of all this, Gandhi’s civil disobedience movement in 1920 reached the zenith of patriotism in Bhagat Singh.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

On 13 April 1919, on the day of Baisakhi near the Golden Temple in Jallianwala Bagh, General Dyer (British officer) opened fire indiscriminately killing thousands and injuring many people. This incident had a very deep impact on Bhagat Singh and this incident became the reason for the beginning of the British government in India.


23-year-old young man Bhagat Singh lived and even after his death gave everything in the name of the country. The enthusiasm generated by people while reading his biography shows the height of his courage.

Essay on Bhagat Singh – 2 (400 words)


Undoubtedly, the name of Bhagat Singh is present at a high peak in the list of revolutionaries of India. He played an important role in the independence of the country not only while alive but even after being martyred and has inspired many youth for patriotism with his bravery.

Why people started calling Bhagat Singh as communist and atheist ?

Bhagat Singh was one of those youths who believed not in Gandhian ideology but in following the footsteps of Lal, Bal, Pal for the independence of the country. He joined hands with those who used force for freedom, not non-violence. Because of this people started calling him communist, atheist and socialist.

Major organizations with which Bhagat Singh was associated

First of all, Bhagat Singh left his studies in the middle and founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha for the independence of India. Thereafter, he was so enraged by the hanging of Ram Prasad Bismil that he joined the Hindustan Republican Association along with Chandrashekhar Azad.

Vengeance for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai

Due to the coming of Simon Commission to India, protests had started all over the country. On 30 October 1928, a sad incident happened in which youths protesting against the Simon Commission under the leadership of Lala Lajpat Rai and Lala Lajpat Rai were beaten to death with sticks. He said in his last speech – “Every injury on my body will become a nail in the shroud of the British Empire” and it happened. Bhagat Singh was so hurt by this accident that he along with Chandrashekhar Azad, Rajguru, Sukhdev and other revolutionaries shot British police officer Saunders just a month after the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Bombing of Central Assembly

On 8 April 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt avenged the brutality of the British government by throwing a bomb on the Central Assembly and after the arrest, they refused to apologize even after many requests from Gandhiji and others. 6 June 1929 Bhagat Singh gave his historic statement in the court of Sessions Judge Leonard Middleton of Delhi and he was sentenced to death along with Rajguru and Sukhdev.


We can guess the courage of Bhagat Singh from his last statement in which he clearly admitted to throwing bombs on the Central Assembly and why he did this publicly, to ignite the flames within the people.

Essay on Bhagat Singh – 3 (500 words)


Bhagat Singh was a heroic revolutionary as well as a good reader, speaker and writer. His major works are ‘A Martyr’s Jail Notebook’, ‘Sardar Bhagat Singh’, ‘Letters and Documents’, ‘Complete Documents of Bhagat Singh’ and the well-known work ‘The People’s article – Why I am an atheist’.

Bhagat Singh’s famous article “Why I am an atheist”

Shaheed Bhagat Singh’s article ‘Why I am an atheist’ was published in The People on 27 September 1931. Saddened by the social evils, problems and exploitation of innocent people, through this article, he raised logical questions on the existence of God. This article is one of his famous works.

Letters of Shaheed Bhagat Singh

“They always care about this,

What is the new Tarz-e-Jaffa?

We love this see,

What is Sitam’s test?”

Shaheed Bhagat Singh wrote a letter from jail to his younger brother Kultar Singh, in which he wrote four lines of this poem. This poem is not his creation but was close to his heart. In his letter, apart from the British government, there was concern about the discrimination prevailing among the people on the basis of color, language and region in the society.

Efforts to stop the hanging of Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was sentenced to death along with Rajguru and Sukhdev on the basis of Indian Penal Code under sections 129, 302 and Explosive Substances Act 4 and 6F and many other sections. The then Congress President Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya requested the pardon of Bhagat Singh before the Viceroy on 14 February 1931, but no special attention was paid to this apology. After this, on February 17, 1931, Gandhi met the Viceroy for the pardon of Bhagat Singh, but to no avail. All this was happening against the wishes of Bhagat Singh, who said, “The revolutionaries have to die, because their death only strengthens their campaign, not by appeal in court”.

Bhagat Singh’s hanging and his cremation

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged on the evening of 23 March 1931. It is said that all three of them were going to the gallows while singing the song ‘Mera Rang De Basanti Chola’ in fun. Due to the hanging, the British took small pieces of their bodies away in sacks and burnt them with kerosene oil, fearing that people should not come down on any kind of movement. Seeing the crowd of people coming, the British threw his body in the Sutlej river. Then people identified him with the pieces of his body and duly cremated him.

What would have happened if Shaheed Bhagat Singh had not been hanged ?

Batukeshwar Dutt was also with Shaheed Bhagat Singh, he was sentenced to black water. After the independence of the country, they were also freed, but what after that? He was asked for proof of being a freedom fighter and finally he started working in a cigarette company on a normal salary. Then why can’t it be believed that if Bhagat Singh had not been hanged, people would never have respected him so much.


When Shaheed Bhagat Singh was hanged, he was only 23 years old. He always put country and countrymen before himself. Perhaps that is why he is alive in all of us even after so many years of his sacrifice.

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