Let’s know about Essay on Caste System. Caste system is a social evil which is present in the Indian society since ancient times. People have been criticizing it for years but still the caste system has retained its hold on the social and political system of our country. Some social evils have been prevalent in Indian society for centuries and caste system is also one of them. Though the concept of caste system has undergone some changes during this period and its beliefs are no longer as conservative as they used to be, but in spite of this it still affects the religious, social and political life of the people in the country. has been
Short and Long Essay on Caste System
Essay on Caste System 1 (250 words)
The caste system in India divides people into four distinct categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. It is believed that these groups came into existence through Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe according to Hinduism. Priests, intellectuals and teachers come under the category of Brahmins and they are at the top of this system and it is believed that they came from the head of Brahma.
Next in line are the Kshatriyas who have been rulers and warriors and are believed to have come from the arms of Brahma. Traders and farmers come under the Vaishya class and it is said that they came from their thighs and the working class called Shudras are in the fourth category and they are believed to have come from the feet of Brahma according to the varna system.
Apart from these there is another class which has been added later is known as Dalits or Untouchables. These included people from the cleaner class who cleaned the streets or did other cleaning. This category was considered outcaste.
These main categories are further divided into about 3,000 castes and 25,000 sub-castes according to their various professions.
According to the Manusmriti, which is the most important text of Hindu laws, the varna system came into existence to establish order and regularity in the society. This concept is said to be 3000 years old and it divides people into different categories on the basis of their dharma (duty) and karma (kama).
The social and religious life of the people in the country has been affected to a great extent by the caste system for centuries and this process continues even today, which is being misused by political parties to serve their own interests.
Essay on Caste System 2 (300 words)
The caste system has been prevalent in our country since time immemorial and at the same time has managed to maintain its strong hold on the social and political system. People are divided into four different categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras.
Historically, it is believed that this social system came into existence with the arrival of the Aryans in the country around 1500 BCE. It is said that the Aryans introduced this system to control the local population at that time. To organize everything, he assigned key roles to everyone and assigned them to groups of people. However, this theory was rejected in the 20th century, saying that the Aryans did not invade the country.
According to Hindu theologians, it is said that this system came into existence in Hinduism with Lord Brahma, who is known as the creator of the universe. According to this theory, the priests and teachers in the society came from the head of Brahma and the second category of people who are Kshatriyas came from the arms of God. The people belonging to the third class, that is, the merchants, were said to have come from the thighs of God and the feet of Brahma, the farmer and laborer.
The actual origin of the caste system is thus not yet known. The Manusmriti, an ancient text of Hinduism, refers to this system in 1,000 BCE. In ancient times, all communities strictly followed this class system. In this system the upper class people took advantage of many privileges and on the other hand the lower class people have been deprived of many benefits. Although the situation today is not as harsh as in earlier times, but even today discrimination is done on the basis of caste.
Essay 3 (400 words)
India has been in the clutches of the evil system of the caste system since ancient times. However, exact information about the origin of this system is not available and due to this different theories, based on different stories, are in vogue. According to the varna system, people were broadly divided into four different categories. Here people coming under these categories are being told. The people who fall under each of these categories are as follows:
- Brahmins – Priests, Teachers and Scholars
- Kshatriya – Ruler and Warrior
- Vaishya – Farmer, Trader
- Shudra – laborer
The varna system later changed into the caste system and there were 3,000 castes and communities determined by birth in the society, which were further divided into 25,000 sub-castes.
According to one theory, the introduction of the Varna system in the country took place after the arrival of the Aryans in about 1500 BC. It is said that the Aryans started this system to establish control over the people and to run the process more systematically. They assigned different roles to different groups of people. According to Hindu theologians, the system started with Lord Brahma, who is known as the creator of the universe.
As soon as the varna system turned into a caste system, discrimination on the basis of caste started. The upper caste people were considered noble and were treated with respect and they also enjoyed many privileges. On the other hand the lower class people were humiliated step by step and were deprived of many things. Inter-caste marriages were strictly prohibited.
In urban India, there has been a drastic reduction in the thinking related to the caste system. However, the people of the lower class are still getting little respect in the society, while many benefits are being provided to them by the government. Caste has become the basis of reservation in the country. A reserved quota is also provided in the field of education and government jobs for the people belonging to the lower classes.
After the departure of the British, the Indian Constitution banned discrimination on the basis of the caste system. After that the quota system was introduced for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. BR Ambedkar who wrote the Constitution of India was himself a Dalit and the concept of social justice was considered a major step in Indian history to protect the interests of Dalits and other communities at the lower echelons of society, although now various political parties It is also being misused by it for narrow political reasons.