Today we will read Essay on Citizenship Amendment Act. The Citizenship Amendment Bill (Bill) was approved by the President of India on 12 December 2019. After which it became an act. As promised by the present government in the last election, that we will bring this bill. The government fulfilled its promise by enacting a law by bringing this bill and getting it passed despite heavy opposition in both the houses. And became effective in the whole country from 10 January 2020.
Short and Long Essay on Citizenship Amendment Act/Bill
Essay on Citizenship Amendment Act – 1 (300 words)
The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is expected to benefit persecuted immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh who are from Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities. According to the Act, if these migrants have sought asylum in India on or before December 31, 2014, they will be granted Indian citizenship.
Is CAA applicable in all states of India ?
Before the CAA came into effect, it was mandatory for these illegal migrants to stay in the country for at least 11 years to be able to apply for citizenship. CAA has now reduced this period of residency to 5 years.
The Citizenship Amendment Act will not apply to the tribal areas of Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram, as these areas come under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution. Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland will also be kept out of the CAA as these states have the Inner Line Permit regime.
Why was the Citizenship Amendment Act criticized ?
Major opposition parties led the protests against the CAA. He pointed out that the Act was discriminatory and unrest as immigrants from Muslim communities were excluded from the list of beneficiaries.
The Indian government clarified that the Act proposed to provide relief to persecuted minorities in the Islamic countries of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. Since Muslims do not fall under the category of oppressed communities there, the Act does not cover them.
There were widespread protests in the northeastern states of India as well. The protesters are of the opinion that these illegal immigrants will break the economic, social and political fabric of the northeastern states. They can also be a threat to the employment opportunities of residents living in these areas.
Essay on Citizenship Amendment Act – 2 (400 words)
In the context of CAA, the statement of Bharatiya Janata Party President and Home Minister Amit Shah had come, “Today the opposition who are questioning the secularism of our party, I want to tell them that your secularism is very limited and ours is very broad.
Bringing those who are oppressed and oppressed is our interpretation of secularism and your secularism is limited to only one religion.
After listening to his statement, the confusion of many was cleared. In protest against this, riots broke out in many states. Without knowing the truth, many Muslim brothers had cooperated in instigating the riots just by looking at others.
Citizenship Amendment Act – A Brief Description
The Citizenship Amendment Bill was approved by the President, Shri Ram Nath Kovind on December 12, 2019. Only after that it became law. The bill was passed by Lok Sabha on 9 December and Rajya Sabha on 11 December. This act will be inscribed in the pages of history with golden letters, and will prove to be a boon for lakhs of refugees who are suffering from religious persecution.
This act is related to giving citizenship of India to persecuted religious minorities in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis, Buddhists etc. have been treated badly in these countries for the past many years. Not only physical but also mental torture they have faced. That is why the believers of these religions keep coming to India from time to time. There is no respect in their own country, but our great country, which no one adopts, embraces it too.
By law, those refugees have no right to come and stay in India, nor do any document confirm this. In the absence of any concrete document, the citizens of India also have no way to get citizenship of India. Due to which they are deprived of the facilities available to the citizens of India.
Discrimination on the basis of religiosity is extremely shameful. Which is a violation of the human rights of any human being, irrespective of the country he belongs to. According to the figures of the National Assembly of Pakistan, more than five thousand displaced Hindus come to India every year.
Our neighboring countries forcibly convert minorities, especially Hindus, and if they do not obey, they are treated very inhumanly. They all flee to India to get rid of all these hellish lives.
In its objectives and reasons it is clearly written that such refugees who have entered India before December 31, 2014, need special legal arrangements for their citizenship matters.
Of course, this act has faced a lot of opposition, but it is said that ‘all is well that ends well’.
Essay – 3 (500 words)
The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) amends the status of illegal immigrants in India. This is especially beneficial for Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian migrants from Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan, who are residing in the country without any valid documents. All such immigrants, who have faced religious persecution in their countries of origin and subsequently migrated to India till December 2014, will be granted Indian citizenship.
Earlier, immigrants belonging to these three countries and six religions were mandated to reside in India for at least 11 years before being approved for Indian citizenship. Now, the law has been amended so that the period of residence is only 5 years.
Is the Citizenship Amendment Act applicable to all states ?
The CAA does not apply to areas that come under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, i.e., the tribal areas of Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram, the Inner Line Permit regime in states such as Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. Is placed.
Why has the CAA been criticized by the opposition parties ?
Major opposition parties in India have highlighted that the law is discriminatory as Muslims are not included in the list of immigrant communities that can benefit from the act.
The opposition indicated that Muslims constitute about 15% of the Indian population, and that the Act excludes immigrants from that community. Therefore, it was criticized for being unequal.
The Indian government clarified that Muslims were not persecuted in the Islamic countries of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. The government said that the Act provides relief especially to the persecuted minorities; Therefore, Muslims were not included in the list of beneficiaries.
After partition, people belonging to different religions have been residents of these three countries and also terrorized due to religious enmity. Their right to practice and propagate the religion of their choice has been curtailed over the years. Such oppressed communities have taken refuge in India for a very long time. The government is trying to provide them relief through CAA.
The government may also examine applications from other communities and assess the validity of these requests on a case by case basis.
What kind of criticism did the Act receive from the citizens of India ?
Various political parties have opposed the Act and pointed out that the proposal grants citizenship on the basis of religion. Indian citizens (especially students) have also resorted to protests across the country. Protests in Meghalaya, Assam, Mizoram, Sikkim, Nagaland, Tripura and Manipur have attracted media attention.
The protesters from these northeastern states are of the opinion that these illegal immigrants will be a burden to the resources of these states and will also endanger the employment opportunities for the existing citizens. He has also said that the Act is not in consonance with the Assam Accord of 1985 which states 24 March 1971 as the cut-off date for deportation of all migrants who have entered India illegally.
The Ministry of Home Affairs is yet to notify the rules that will make this act operational. There are several petitions against the Act which are to be heard in the Supreme Court in January 2020.