Essay on Democracy; Come friends today we will learn about Essay on Democracy. India is known as the world’s largest democracy, ruled by various kings, emperors and European imperialists for centuries. India became a democratic nation after its independence in 1947. After that the citizens of India got the right to vote and choose their leaders.
India is the seventh largest country in the world by area and second largest country by population, for these reasons India is also known as the world’s largest democracy. After the country’s independence in 1947, the democratic government of India was formed. Parliamentary and state assembly elections are held every 5 years to elect the central and state government in our country.
Long and Short Essay on Democracy in India
Essay on Democracy 1 (300 words)
Democracy is known as the best form of government in the world. It allows every citizen of the country to vote and choose their leaders as they wish, irrespective of their caste, colour, creed, religion or gender. In our country the government is elected by the common people and it would not be wrong to say that it is their intelligence and awareness that determine the success or failure of the government.
India’s democratic system
Democratic governance system implemented in many countries of the world including India, along with this, India is also known as the world’s largest democracy. The democracy of our country works on five democratic principles including sovereign, socialism, secularism, democratic republic. India was declared a democratic nation after gaining independence from the colonial rule of the British in 1947. In today’s time, our country is not only known as the largest democracy in the world but at the same time it is also known as one of the most successful democracies in the world.
India is a federal form of democracy with a government at the center that is responsible to the Parliament and separate governments at the state that are equally accountable to their legislatures. Elections are conducted at regular intervals in many states of India. In these elections, many parties compete to form the government by winning at the center and in the states. Often people are encouraged to exercise their authority to elect the most deserving candidate but still caste equation is a big factor in Indian politics as well, mainly affecting the electoral process.
Campaigns are carried out by various political parties during the election campaign to emphasize the work done by them for the benefit of the people on their future agenda for development.
Democracy in India means not only the right to vote but also ensuring social and economic equality. Although the democratic system of our country has received worldwide acclaim, there are still many areas in which our democracy needs improvement so that democracy can be defined in the true sense. The government should work to eliminate illiteracy, poverty, communalism, casteism as well as gender discrimination to make democracy successful.
Democracy is known as the best system of governance in the world, that is why the constitution makers and leaders of our country chose democratic system as the system of governance. We need to strengthen the democracy of our country even more.
Essay on Democracy 2 (400 words)
Democracy refers to a government elected by the people, for the people. In a democratic nation, citizens have the right to vote and choose their government. Democracy is known as the best system of governance in the world, that is why today most of the countries of the world have a democratic system.
Features of Indian Democracy
At present India is the largest democracy in the world. After being ruled for centuries by the Mughals, Mauryas, British and many other rulers, India finally became a democratic country after independence in 1947. After this the people of the country, who had been exploited by foreign powers for many years, finally got the right to choose their own leaders by vote. Democracy in India is not only limited to providing the right to vote to its citizens but it is also working towards social and economic equality.
Democracy in India works on five democratic principles:
- Sovereign: It means India is free from interference or control of any foreign power.
- Socialist: It means providing social and economic equality to all the citizens.
- Secularism: It means freedom to adopt any religion or reject all.
- Democratic: It means that the Government of India is elected by its citizens.
- Republic: This means that the head of the country is not a hereditary king or queen.
How democracy works in India
Every Indian citizen above the age of 18 years can exercise the right to vote in India. There is no discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, religion, sex or education of an individual in order to be granted the right to vote. There are many parties in India whose candidates contest on their behalf, the main ones being Indian National Congress (Congress), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India- Marxist (CPI-M), All India Indian Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) etc. Before voting for the candidates, the public casts its vote, evaluating the work done by these parties or their representatives in the last term.
area for improvement
There is a lot of scope for improvement in Indian democracy, these steps should be taken for its improvement:
- poor elimination
- promote literacy
- encouraging people to vote
- Educating people to choose the right candidates
- Encouraging intelligent and educated people to take on leadership roles
- to eradicate communalism
- Ensuring fair and responsible media
- supervise the work of elected members
- Creating a responsible opposition in the Lok Sabha and the Legislative Assembly
Although democracy in India is appreciated all over the world for its work, yet there is still a lot of room for improvement in it. The steps mentioned above can be used to ensure the functioning of democracy in the country.
Essay on Democracy 3 (500 words)
A democratic nation is a nation where citizens choose their government by exercising their right to choose. Democracy is also sometimes referred to as “the rule of the majority”. Many countries around the world have democratic governments, but due to its characteristics, India is known as the world’s largest democracy.
History of Democracy in India
India was ruled by many rulers from the Mughals to the Mauryas. Each of them had their own distinct style of governing the people. India became a democratic nation after gaining independence from the colonial rule of the British in 1947. The people of India at that time, who had faced a lot of atrocities at the hands of the British, got the opportunity to vote and choose their own government for the first time after independence.
democratic principles of india
Sovereign refers to an entity that is free from the control of any foreign power. The citizens of India use universal power to elect their ministers.
Socialist means providing social and economic equality to all citizens of India irrespective of caste, colour, creed, gender and religion.
Secularism means the freedom to practice any religion of your choice. There is no official religion in our country.
Democratic means that the government of India is elected by its citizens. All Indian citizens have been given the right to vote without any discrimination so that they can choose the government of their choice.
The head of the country is not a hereditary king or queen. He is elected by the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, whose representatives are themselves elected by the people.
Democracy proceedings in India
Every citizen of India who is above 18 years of age has the right to vote. The Constitution of India does not discriminate against anyone on the basis of their caste, colour, creed, sex, religion or education.
Many parties in India contest elections at the national level, the main ones being Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India- Marxist (CPI-M), Nationalist Congress Party. (NCP), All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). Apart from these there are many regional parties which contest for the state legislatures. Elections are held periodically and people exercise their right to vote to elect their representatives. The government is constantly striving to make more and more people exercise their right to vote to choose good administration.
The purpose of democracy in India is not only to give people the right to vote but also to ensure equality in all walks of life.
Obstacles in the work of democracy in India
Though elections are being held on time and the concept of democracy is followed in a systematic approach in India but still there are many obstacles in the smooth functioning of democracy in the country. This includes illiteracy, gender discrimination, poverty, cultural inequality, political influence, casteism and communalism. All these factors adversely affect democracy in India.
Although India’s democracy is appreciated all over the world, it still has a long way to go for reform. There is a need to eliminate the factors like illiteracy, poverty, gender discrimination and communalism which affect the functioning of democracy in India so that the citizens of the country can enjoy democracy in the true sense.
Essay on Democracy 4 (600 words)
Democracy was formed in India in 1947 after it was freed from the clutches of British rule. This led to the birth of the world’s largest democracy. It was because of the effective leadership of the Indian National Congress that the people of India got the right to vote and elect their government.
democratic principles of india
At present there are seven national parties in India which are as follows – Indian National Congress (NCP), Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India- Marxist (CPI- M), All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). Apart from these many regional parties fight for the state assembly elections. Parliament and state legislatures in India are elected every 5 years.
The democratic principles of India are as follows:
Sovereign means independent – free from interference or control of any foreign power. The government that runs the country is an elected government by the citizens. Indian citizens have the power to elect their leaders by elections held to Parliament, local bodies and state legislatures.
Socialist means social and economic equality for all the citizens of the country. Democratic socialism means achieving socialist goals through evolutionary, democratic and non-violent means. The government is constantly making efforts to reduce the concentration of wealth and reduce economic inequality.
It means the right and freedom to choose religion. Anyone in India has the right to practice any religion or to reject all of them. The Indian government respects all religions and has no official state religion. India’s democracy does not insult or promote any religion.
It means that the government of the country is democratically elected by its citizens. The people of the country have the right to elect their government at all levels (Union, State and Local). People’s adult suffrage is known as ‘one man one vote’. The right to vote is given without any discrimination on the basis of colour, caste, creed, religion, sex or education. Not only political but the people of India also enjoy social and economic democracy.
The head of state is by heredity not a king or queen but an elected person. The ceremonial head of state, i.e. the President of India, is elected by an electoral process (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) for a term of five years while executive powers are vested in the Prime Minister.
Challenges faced by Indian democracy
The constitution promises a democratic state and provides all kinds of rights to the people of India. There are many factors which work to influence the Indian democracy and have become a challenge to it. Some of these factors are discussed below.
Illiteracy of the people is one of the biggest challenges that have always been faced since the beginning of Indian democracy. Education enables people to exercise their right to vote wisely.
People belonging to the poor and backward classes are generally always molested by political parties. Political parties often offer bribes and other forms of inducement to get votes from them.
Apart from these, there are many other factors like casteism, gender discrimination, communalism, religious fundamentalism, political violence and corruption which have become a challenge to democracy in India.
India’s democracy is highly praised all over the world. Every citizen of the country has been given the right to vote without any discrimination on the basis of their caste, colour, creed, religion, sex or education. The country’s vast cultural, religious and linguistic diversity is a major challenge to democracy. Along with this, this difference of opinion among people has become a cause of serious concern in today’s time. We need to stop these divisive tendencies to ensure smooth functioning of democracy in India.