Essay on Forest: Let us know about Essay on Forest. A forest is basically a piece of land consisting of a large number of trees and different varieties of plants. These beautiful creations of nature act as home for various species of animals. A vast land area covered by dense trees, shrubs, shrubs and various types of plants is known as forest. There are many types of forests around the world which are home to different types of flora and fauna.
Short and Long Essay on Forest
Essay on Forest – 1 (300 words)
Forest is generally referred to as a vast area that contains a wide variety of plants and trees. It is a habitat for various species of wild animals and birds. Forests are made up of different layers which have their own importance and function.
importance of forests
Forest is an important part of the ecosystem. The need to preserve forests and grow more trees is often emphasized. Some of the major reasons for doing this are as follows:
- purification of the atmosphere
It is common knowledge that plants take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. They also absorb other greenhouse gases which are harmful to the atmosphere. Trees and forests help us to clean the entire air as well as the environment.
- environment control
Trees and soil regulate atmospheric temperature through the process of evaporation. It helps in stabilizing the climate. The forest keeps the temperature cool. They also have the ability to create their own microclimates. For example the Amazon creates atmospheric conditions that promote regular rainfall over the surrounding regions.
- animal and bird habitat
The forests serve as a home for many species of wild animals and birds. Thus, they are a great tool for maintaining biodiversity which is very important for maintaining a healthy environment.
- natural watershed
Trees create shade on the rivers and lakes coming out of the forests and keep them from drying out.
- source of wood
Wood is used to make various pieces of furniture along with tables, chairs and beds among other items. Forests serve as a source of different types of forest.
- means of livelihood
Millions of people around the world directly or indirectly depend on forests for their livelihood. About 10 million people are directly employed for the conservation and management of forests.
Thus forests are important for the survival of mankind. From the fresh air to the wood that we use as bedding to sleep – it all comes from forests.
Essay on Forest – 2 (400 words)
Forest is a vast expanse of trees. There are different types of forests around the world. These are classified on the basis of their type of soil, trees and other species of flora and fauna. A large part of the earth is covered with forests.
origin of the word forest
The word forest is derived from the French word meaning to be dominated by trees and plants on a large scale. It was introduced as an English word that referred to wild land that people had explored for hunting. This land may or may not be occupied by trees. If this was the case, some claimed that the word forest was derived from the Medieval Latin word “foresta” meaning open wood. In Medieval Latin the term was used specifically to address the royal hunting grounds of the king.
different layers in the forest
The forest is made up of different layers which play their part in holding a place together. These layers include forest land, understory, canopy and emergent layer. These are large strata present in tropical forests. Here is information about each of these layers:
- forest floor
This layer includes components of leaves, dead plants, twigs and dissections of trees and animals. The decay of these things creates new soil and also provides essential nutrients to the plants.
This layer is made up of shrubs, shrubs and trees that are used to grow and live in the shade of the trees. It is known to be devoid of enough sunlight.
It is formed when a large number of branches, twigs and leaves of large trees are joined together. These fully grown trees receive the maximum amount of sunlight and form a protective layer for other plants and trees in the forest. This is known as the thickest layer. It restricts rain by reaching plants and trees. Monkeys, frogs, sloths, snakes, lizards and various species of birds are known to live here.
- sudden return
This layer, which is a part of the tropical rain forest, is made up of scattered tree branches and leaves, which form the top layer of the canopy. The tallest trees reach this place and form a part of this layer.
Forest is an essential part of the environment. However, unfortunately humans are cutting trees to fulfill various purposes, which is deteriorating the ecological balance. The need to save trees and forests should be taken more seriously.
Essay on Forest – 3 (500 words)
A forest is a vast land consisting of a large number of trees, vines, shrubs and other varieties of plants. Forests consist of mosses, fungi and algae. These are home to a wide variety of birds, reptiles, microorganisms, insects and animals. Forest maintains the biodiversity on earth and thus is important for maintaining a healthy environment on the planet.
type of forest
Forests around the world are classified into different categories. Here is a detailed description of the different types of forests that make up a part of the Earth’s ecosystem:
- tropical rainforests
These are extremely dense forests and consist largely of evergreen trees which remain green every year. You can however see lush greenery as they are covered with canopies and have an emergent layer that is devoid of enough sunlight and thus mostly black and moist. These forests receive a lot of rain throughout the year but still the temperature is high because they are located near the equator. Many species of animals, birds and fish breed here.
- sub-tropical forest
These forests are located to the north and south of the tropical forests. These forests mostly experience drought-like conditions. The trees and plants here are adapted to drought in summer.
- Deciduous Forests
These forests are mainly home to trees that lose their leaves every year. Deciduous forests are mostly in areas that experience mild winters and summers. These can be found in various parts of the world including Europe, North America, New Zealand, Asia and Australia. Walnut, Oak, Maple, Hickory and Chestnut trees are mostly found here.
- temperate one
In temperate forests, deciduous and coniferous evergreen trees grow. These forests, located in northeastern Asia, eastern North America and western eastern Europe, receive ample rainfall.
- montane forest
These are known as cloud forests because most of the rain in these forests comes from mist which comes from low-lying areas. These are mostly located in tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions. These forests experience intense sunlight along with cold weather. A large part of these forests are occupied by conifers.
- plantation forest
These are basically large farms that produce cash crops like coffee, tea, sugarcane, oil palms, cotton and oil seeds. About 40% of industrial timber is produced in the forests of Bagan forest. They are particularly known for their production of sustainable wood and fibre.
- Mediterranean Forest
These forests are located around the coastline of the Mediterranean, Chile, California and Western Australia. These have a mix of softwood and hardwood trees and almost all trees are evergreen.
- coniferous forest
These forests are found near the poles mainly in the Northern Hemisphere and experience cold and windy weather throughout the year. These experience the growth of hardwood and coniferous trees. The growth of pines, firs, hemlocks and spruce is a common sight here. Coniferous trees are evergreen and are well adapted to drought-like conditions.
Forests are a beautiful creation of nature. Different parts of our planet include different types of forests which are home to various plants and animals and a means of livelihood for many people.
Essay on Forest – 4 (600 words)
A vast land covered with trees, plants and shrubs and known as the home to various species of wild animals. Forests are an essential part of the Earth’s ecosystem. They help maintain the planet’s climate, purify the atmosphere, protect watersheds. They are a natural habitat for animals and a major source of wood which is used for the production of many products used in our day to day life.
India – the country with the largest forest
India is one of the top ten forest-rich countries in the world along with Australia, Brazil, China, Canada, Democratic Republic of Congo, Russian Federation, United States of America, Indonesia and Sudan. Along with India, these countries account for about 67% of the total forest area of the world.
Arunachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra are among the states that have the largest forest cover in India.
top forest in india
India is known for many lush green forests. Many of these have been converted into tourist spots. People from far and wide experience the jungle on this journey and find peace. Here’s a look at some of the top forests in the country:
- Sunderbans , West Bengal
Talking about the most attractive forests in the country, Sunderbans tops the list of forests in West Bengal. It is home to the white tiger which is a type of royal Bengal tiger.
- Gir Forest , Gujarat
The forest is spread over an area of more than 1,412 square kilometers in Junagadh district of Gujarat. The Gir forest is home to the Asiatic lion.
- Jim Corbett , Uttarakhand
Established in the year 1936, this place is friendly for wildlife lovers. It is the forests in the country that are known to attract the maximum number of tourists from all over the world.
- Ranthambore , Rajasthan
Ranthambore is located near Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. It is home to leopards, tigers and crocodiles. It is also known for the Padam Talao Lake which is home to lilies in abundance.
- Khasi Forest , Meghalaya
This place in North-East India is known for its rich greenery. The Khasi forests receive high amounts of rainfall and remain green every year.
forestry in india
Forestry is a major rural industry in India. It is a means of livelihood for a large number of people. India is known to produce a vast array of processed forest products. These include not only products made from wood, but also a substantial amount of non-wood products. Non-wood products include essential oils, medicinal herbs, resins, flavors, fragrances and fragrance chemicals, gums, latex, handicrafts, incense sticks and various ingredients.
the problem of deforestation
Deforestation is the process of cutting down trees over large tracts of forest for purposes such as construction of buildings. Trees are not planted again on this land.
Statistics show that almost half of the forests around the world have been destroyed since the development of the Industrial Age. This number is likely to increase in the times to come as industrialists are continuously using forest land for personal gain. A large number of trees are also cut to produce various goods from wood and other components of the tree.
Deforestation has a negative impact on the environment. These causes lead to soil erosion, disruption of the water cycle, climate change and loss of biodiversity.
Forest is a boon for mankind. India is especially blessed with some beautiful forests which are home to many rare species of birds and animals. The importance of forests should be recognized and the government should take measures to control the issue of deforestation.