Let us know about Essay on Mahatma Gandhi. Filled with purposeful ideology, the personality of Mahatma Gandhi was superior in terms of idealism. Mahatma Gandhi, honored with the title of Yug Purush of this era, is known as a social reformer, but according to Mahatma Gandhi, the contribution of education in the society is necessary for social upliftment. Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He was normal by birth but became great by his deeds. In a letter by Rabindranath Tagore, he was addressed as “Mahatma” Gandhi. Since then the world started calling him Mahatma Gandhi instead of Mr. Gandhi.
Short and Long Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – 1 (300 words)
Now we will learn about 300 words of Essay on Mahatma Gandhi.
Making the foundation of the principle of “Ahimsa Paramo Dharmah”, Mahatma Gandhi freed the country from the chains of slavery through various movements. He was a good politician as well as a very good orator. The words spoken by him are repeated by the people even today.
Early Life of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1867, in a coastal town in western India (present-day Gujarat). His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name was Putlibai. Mahatma Gandhi’s father was the Diwan of the small princely state of Kathiawar (Porbandar). It had a profound effect on Gandhi’s life due to the mother absorbed in faith and the traditions of Jainism of that region. Like fasting for the purification of the soul etc. At the age of 13, Gandhiji was married to Kasturba.
Mahatma Gandhi’s education initiation
Gandhiji did not feel like studying in childhood, but from childhood he knew the difference between right and wrong. His early education was completed from Porbandar, he did high school examination from Rajkot. And he was sent to Ahmedabad for matriculation. Later he did his advocacy from London.
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi to Education
Mahatma Gandhi believed that Indian education is not under the government but by the society. That’s why Mahatma Gandhi used to call Indian education ‘The Beautiful Tree’. He made a special contribution in the field of education. It was his wish that every citizen of India should be educated. The basic mantra of Gandhiji was to ‘establish a society without exploitation’.
Gandhi’s Basic Education Principles
- Children between the ages of 7 and 14 should get free and compulsory education.
- The medium of instruction should be the mother tongue.
- Literacy cannot be called education.
- Education develops the human qualities of the child.
In childhood, Gandhiji was considered retarded. But later he made an important contribution to Indian education.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – 2 (400 words)
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In 1915, Rajvaidya Jivaram Kalidas addressed Bapu, who played a fundamental role in the independence of the country and showed the path of truth and non-violence to all, as Bapu for the first time. Even after decades, the world still calls him by the name of Bapu.
Who gave Bapu the title of ‘ Father of the Nation ‘ ?
There is no clear information regarding who addressed Mahatma Gandhi as Father of Nation for the first time, but due to a lawsuit filed in the High Court of Gujarat in 1999, Justice Bevis Pardiwala in all the testbooks, Rabindranath Tagore called Gandhiji for the first time. Called the Father of the Nation, issued an order to give this information.
Movements by Mahatma Gandhi
Following are the major movements fought by Bapu for the independence of the country-
- Non-Cooperation Movement
From the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Gandhi had come to know that it was futile to expect justice from the British government. Therefore, he started the non-cooperation movement under the leadership of the Indian National Congress from September 1920 to February 1922. With the help of millions of Indians, this movement was highly successful. And this dealt a huge blow to the British government.
- Salt Satyagraha
From March 12, 1930, a 24-day march was taken out from Sabarmati Ashram (place in Ahmedabad) to Dandi village. This movement was waged against the British government’s monopoly on salt. This was the most important movement among the movements made by Gandhiji.
- Dalit Movement
The All India Anti-Untouchability League was founded by Gandhiji in 1932 and he started the anti-untouchability movement on 8 May 1933.
- Quit India Movement
Quit India Movement was started on 8 August 1942 during the Second World War by Mahatma Gandhi from the Mumbai session of the All India Congress for the immediate independence of India from the British Empire.
- Champaran Satyagraha
The British landlords were forcibly getting the indigo cultivation from the poor farmers at very low prices. This created a situation of starvation among the farmers. This movement was started in the Champaran district of Bihar in 1917. And this was his first political victory in India.
In the words of Mahatma Gandhi, “Live something as if you are going to die tomorrow, learn something so that you are going to live forever”. The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, while living life on these principles, fought many movements against the British Empire for the independence of India.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – 3 (500 words)
Now we will learn about 500 words of Essay on Mahatma Gandhi.
“The weak never apologize, forgiving is the specialty of the strong” – Mahatma Gandhi
The profound impact of Gandhiji’s words on society can be seen even today. He was a pure soul born in a human body. Who tied India in the thread of unity with his intelligence and destroyed the evils like casteism prevalent in the society.
Gandhi’s Africa tour
In South Africa, Gandhiji had to bear the persecution of Indians. Despite having a first class train ticket, he was asked to move to the third class. And on his protest, he was humiliated and thrown down from the moving train. Not only this, his entry was barred in many hotels in South Africa.
Bapu’s return to India from Africa
Gandhi returned to India in the year 1914 at the invitation of the moderate Congress leader Gopal Krishna Gokhale. By this time Bapu had become famous as a nationalist leader and organizer in India. He first visited India to understand the current situation of the country.
Gandhi, the best writer with a skillful politician
Gandhi was a skilled politician as well as a very good writer. He has brought the ups and downs of life on the page with the help of a pen. Mahatma Gandhi worked as editor in Harijan, Indian Opinion, Young India. And the major books written by him are Hind Swaraj (1909), Satyagraha in South Africa (in this he describes his struggle in South Africa), India of my dreams and Gram Swaraj. This book filled with Gandhism stream still guides the citizen in the society.
Importance of Gandhian ideology
In the words of the Dalai Lama, “Today there is a great war going on between world peace and world war, spirituality and materialism, democracy and authoritarianism.” To root out this invisible war, it is necessary to adopt Gandhian ideology. Among the world famous social reformers, the Gandhian ideology has been successfully applied in the field of public leadership like Martin Luther King of USA, Nelson Mandela of South America and Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar.
Gandhiji as a Leader
After returning to India, Gandhiji led the fight for Indian independence from the British Empire. He organized several non-violent civil disobedience campaigns, went to jail several times. Influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, a large group of people started doing things like refusing to work for the British government, boycotting the courts. Each protest may seem small in the face of the power of the British government, but when it is opposed by the majority of the people, it has a huge impact on society.
Dear Bapu passes away
On the evening of 30 January 1948, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse with a Barrta pistol at Birla Bhawan in Delhi. 7 people including Nathuram were found guilty in this murder. Gandhiji’s funeral procession was carried out for 8 km. It was a moment of sorrow for the country.
Surprisingly, even after being nominated five times for the “Noble Prize” for peace, Gandhiji has not received it till date. Dear Bapu, who taught the lesson of non-violence to all, is no more with us, but his principles will always guide us.
Frequently Asked Question For Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
Who is Gandhi Essay?
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, often known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869 in Gujarat. The Father of the Nation, a social reformer and a freedom fighter worked tirelessly to free India from the shackles of the British Raj, based on the principle of Ahimsa (Ahimsa).
In simple words, who was Mahatma Gandhi?
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ndi, ndi/; GAHN-de; 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was a leader of nationalism in British-ruled India. He is commonly referred to as Mahatma Gandhi; Mahatma is an honorific meaning “great-spirit” or “venerable” in Sanskrit. He was first called to it in 1914 in South Africa.
How can I write about Mahatma Gandhi?
Mahatma Gandhi, known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India – died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British. Government of India.
What is the slogan of Mahatma Gandhi?
This proposal became the ‘Quit India Movement’. In this movement Mahatma Gandhi gave the slogan ‘Do or Die’.
Was Mahatma Gandhi characterless?
According to the British historian, due to Gandhi’s celibacy, Jawaharlal Nehru considered him a person of unnatural and unusual habit. Sardar Patel and JB Kriplani had made a distance from him because of his behavior. According to Girija Kumar, Patel started calling Gandhi’s celibacy as adharma.
What was the name of the political mentor of Mahatma Gandhi?
Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who taught political lessons to the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi, was born on May 9, 1886 in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra under the then Bombay Presidency.
How many movements did Mahatma Gandhi make?
The ‘Father of the Nation’ Mahatma Gandhi, born on 2 October 1869, was an eminent leader of the pre-independence movement. Mahatma Gandhi was a highly respected leader and is regarded as an international symbol of peace and non-violence.
How many children does Mahatma Gandhi have?
There are 4 sons and 13 grandchildren in Gandhi’s family. Talking about Gandhi’s family, his grandchildren and his 154 descendants are living in 6 countries today.
How many movements took place in India?
From about the middle of the 19th century till India’s independence, there were many peasant movements against the British rule. These include Neel Movement, Pabna Movement, Deccan Rebellion, Kisan Sabha Movement, Eka Movement, Moplah Rebellion, Bardoli Satyagraha, Tebhag Movement, Telangana Movement etc.
Which was the third movement of Mahatma Gandhi?
Quit India Movement started on 9 August 1942 during the Second World War. After the failure of the Cripps Mission, Bapu decided to launch the third major movement against the British rule. – On the evening of 8 August 1942, in the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee in Mumbai, the slogan of Quit British India was given.
What is Swaraj according to Mahatma Gandhi?
Gandhi’s opinion was that Swaraj means such a system operated by the people’s representatives which is in accordance with the needs and aspirations of the people. There was a boycott movement.
When Mahatma Gandhi went on Dandi Yatra, who else was with him to support him?
These included agitators like C. Rajagopalachari, Pandit Nehru. This movement lasted for a whole year and ended with the agreement between Gandhi-Irwin in 1931. The Civil Disobedience Movement was started from this movement.
Who was the first Guru of Mahatma Gandhi?
Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who was a pioneer in the Indian freedom struggle, was a great freedom fighter as well as a seasoned politician. He inspired Gandhiji to fight for the country. He was the political guru of the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
Where did Mahatma Gandhi use Satyagraha for the first time?
A Satyagraha was held in the Champaran district of Bihar in 1917 under the leadership of Gandhiji. This is known as Champaran Satyagraha. This was the first Satyagraha conducted in India under the leadership of Gandhiji.
Which was the second movement of Mahatma Gandhi?
Explanation: Ahmedabad Mill Strike, 1918; There was a second movement in India under the leadership of Gandhiji.