Essay on National Flag: Come friends today we will learn about Essay on National Flag. The “National Flag” of a nation is a symbol of the independence of that nation. Each independent nation has its own national flag. Similarly, our country also has a national flag, which is called tricolor. The national flag of India, the tricolor is the pride of India and it holds great importance for every Indian. It is mostly hoisted on the occasion of national festivals and in moments of pride for India.
Short and Long Essay on National Flag
Essay on National Flag – 1 (300 words)
The national flag of India is called tricolor, the national flag is a symbol of the country’s independence. In our national flag, three colors exist, due to which it has been named as tricolor. According to the earlier National Flag Code, there was a provision to hoist the flag on the occasion of the national festival only through the government and their organization. But after the industrialist Jindal filed an application in the judiciary, an amendment was brought in the flag code. Flag hoisting was allowed in private sector, schools, offices etc. with certain instructions.
Meaning and importance of colors in the national flag
The national flag is adorned with three colours, it was designed by Pingali Venkaiah shortly before the attainment of independence. Saffron, white and green colors have been used in this. They have both philosophical and spiritual meaning.
- Saffron – saffron means detachment, saffron color is a symbol of sacrifice and renunciation, as well as spiritually it is a symbol of status for other religions like Hindu, Buddhist and Jain.
- White – is a symbol of peace and according to philosophy, white color is a symbol of cleanliness and honesty.
- Green is a symbol of prosperity and progress and green color keeps diseases away, relaxes the eyes and many elements like beryllium, copper and nickel are found in it.
national flag design
Each of its strips are of horizontal shape. The dark blue Ashoka Chakra on a white stripe adorns the tricolor with its 24 saws. In which 12 Aarey symbolizes a person’s transition from ignorance to sorrow and the other 12 from avidya to nirvana (liberation from the cycle of birth and death). The ratio of the length and width of the flag is 3:2. As per the National Flag Specifications, the National Flag should be made from hand made Khadi cloth only.
The national flag of India is the pride, pride and pride of the country. It has been designed with great care by great men. In which each color and circle represents the unity, integrity, development and prosperity of the country.
Essay on National Flag – 2 (400 words)
The name “Tiranga” is known as one of three colours. Our national flag adorns the tricolor in the form of Ashoka Chakra (Dharma Chakra) with three important colors. All these have their own spiritual and philosophical meaning, but it has been clearly told that it has no communal significance. Many lives have been sacrificed in the glory of this tricolor. Keeping in view the importance of the national flag and that its dignity should always be maintained, there is a special control on the display and use of the tricolor.
Indian National Flag Code
On 26 January 2002, after so many years of independence, the National Flag Code was amended. The meaning of the National Flag Code is the instructions given regarding the hoisting and use of the Indian flag. In this amendment, the general public was allowed to hoist the flag in their homes and offices on any day of the year, but at the same time, special care was also directed to ensure that there is no loss in the respect of the flag.
For the sake of convenience, the Indian National Flag Code is divided into three parts.
In the first, there was a matter of respect for the flag. In the second part, the details of the display of the national flag by public private institutions and educational institutions etc. were given. In the third part, the central and state governments and their organizations are given information about the use of the national flag.
in honor of the national flag
The pride, prestige, honor and pride of the national flag should always be maintained, so according to Indian law, the flag should always be looked at with respect, and the flag should never touch water and land. It cannot be used as a tablecloth, to cover a stage, a cornerstone or an idol.
Prior to 2005 it could not be used as a dress and uniform, but it was allowed after the amendment of 5 July 2005. In this also it cannot be used as clothes below the waist and as handkerchief and pillow. The flag cannot be dipped, and it cannot be intentionally placed upside down. Hoisting the National Flag is an absolute right, but it has to be followed as per Article 51A of the Constitution.
The petition was placed in the court by industrialist MP Naveen Jindal. In which there was a demand for hoisting of the flag by the common citizen. And in 2005, the flag code was amended and permission was given to hoist the flag in the private sector, educational institutions, offices. But along with this it was also clarified by the instructions that the flag should be fully respected.
Essay on National Flag – 3 (500 words)
For the first time, Mahatma Gandhi put the matter of the national flag in front of the Congress in 1921. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkaiah shortly before independence. It was adopted in the Constituent Assembly meeting on 22 July 1947. The national flag is adorned with three colors and in the middle is a dark blue wheel with 24 saws. All these have their own special meaning and importance.
history of national flag
- The first flag was hoisted at the Congress session in 1906, at Parsi Bagan Chowk (Green Park), Kolkata. It was built in 1904 by Sister Nivedita. This flag was made of red, yellow and green horizontal stripes, eight lotus flowers were on the top green stripe, Vande Mataram was written on the yellow stripe in the middle and the moon and sun were adorned on the last green stripe.
- The second flag was hoisted in Paris in 1907, by Madame Cama and some revolutionaries. It was similar to the former flag. Just above it, instead of red, saffron color was kept. Saptarishi was inscribed in the form of seven stars on that saffron color.
- The third flag was in 1917 , when India’s political struggle was going through a new phase. It was hoisted by Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak at the time of the Domestic Governance Movement. It was made up of five red and four green horizontal stripes. In which all the strips were connected by doing a red strip and then a green strip. From left to top, there was a Union Jack at one end, and adjacent to it diagonally from left to down, a sage was made and a crescent was on one corner.
- Fourth Flag and Gandhi’s Suggestion In 1921, during the All India Congress session in Bezwada (Vijaywada), a young man from Andhra Pradesh, “Pingali Venkaiah”, made a red and green horizontal stripe as the flag. In which red was a symbol of faith of Hindus and green was of Muslims. Mahatma Gandhi suggested that, respecting the sentiments of other religions, another color should be added to it and there should be a spinning wheel in the middle.
- The fifth flag, Swaraj flag 1931 was the most important year in the history of the flag. In this year, a proposal was made to adopt the national flag and the national flag was recognized. In this, importance was given to saffron, white and green, which is the form of the present flag, and a spinning wheel was made in the middle.
- Sixth flag, Tricolor recognized as the national flag On 22 July 1947, finally the Congress Party’s flag (Tricolor) was accepted as the national flag (current flag). In place of the spinning wheel only in the flag, the Dharma Chakra of Emperor Ashoka was given place.
The history of the tricolor started long before the attainment of independence. In which amendments were made after due consideration from time to time. It was first in the form of the flag of the Congress party, but in 1947, the tricolor was adopted as the national flag and it was a moment of pride for every Indian.
Essay on National Flag – 4 (600 words)
After several amendments to the flag, in the Constituent Assembly meeting in 1947, the present flag was recognized as the national flag. It was designed by Pingali Venkaiah. Each independent country has its own national flag, which is the symbol of that country.
Mahatma Gandhi played a special role in the creation of the national flag, so in his words :
“ It is mandatory for every nation to have a national flag. Millions of people have laid down their lives on this. It is a form of worship, which would be a sin to destroy. The flag represents a motif. The Union Jack evokes feelings in the minds of the British, whose power is difficult to measure. The stars and stripes on a US citizen’s flag mean their world. The presence of a star and a crescent moon in Islam calls for the best of bravery.” – Mahatma Gandhi
in honor of tricolor
One story goes that Mahatma Gandhi suggested the spinning wheel on the flag. Which is true, but the Ashok Chakra was chosen in place of the spinning wheel. Due to which Gandhi’s mind got hurt and he said that I will not salute this flag.
“Dhwajarohad” a moment of pride for every Indian
After nearly 200 years of slavery and many young people sacrificing their lives, India got independence in 1947. On 15 August 1947, the flag was hoisted by the first Prime Minister of India, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru from the Prachi of the Red Fort. It is the duty of every Indian to maintain the dignity and honor of the flag.
- In 1984, Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma raised the national flag on the moon.
- The time for hoisting the national flag is during the day, after sunrise and before sunset.
- Specially hand spun khadi cloth is used for making the national flag.
- On the death of a nationalist, the tricolor is lowered for some time in national mourning.
- The Parliament House of the country is the only place where three tricolors are hoisted simultaneously.
- The dead bodies of great men who laid down their lives for the country are wrapped in tricolor with saffron on the head and green on the feet.
- The country’s highest flag is hoisted at a height of 360 feet on the Attari border of India Pakistan.
- The flags of 21 feet by 14 feet are hoisted on only three forts in the whole country, Nargund fort in Karnataka, Gwalior fort in Madhya Pradesh and Panhal fort in Maharashtra.
- “Flag Code of India” The Indian National Flag Code describes the law related to the flag.
- Drawing or writing any type of figure on the flag is a punishable offence.
- A small tricolor has been kept in the museum of Rashtrapati Bhavan, whose pillar is made of gold and other places are adorned with diamonds and jewels.
- No other flag can be flown next to the national flag at the same level or higher than the national flag.
- The tricolor wrapped on the dead bodies of the heroes cannot be waved again, it is burnt or tied with a stone and thrown into the water etc.
The national flag tricolor is today the pride of India after crossing many hurdles. Insulting the national flag is an insult to the country, so the guilty deserves punishment. There is a provision of imprisonment for three years and fine for insulting the flag. There are many interesting facts and instructions related to the national flag like how to use the flag, how not to, when the flag is lowered etc., all these instructions should be followed seriously by all of us.