Father of Chemistry

Who is considered as the father of modern chemistry, who is the father of chemistry and who is the father of chemistry, you have to read the whole article to know the answer of such questions. Because the father of biology – Aristotle and the father of physics – is Sir Isaac Newton (a father). While there are many names in chemistry such as Antoine Lavoisier, Robert Boyle, Jones Berselius, Jabbar ibn Hayen and John Dalton.

Who is the master of chemistry? 

Antoine Lavoisier, Robert Boyle and Jones Berzelius are taken as Father of Chemistry but what does NCERT say? 

Antoine Lavoisier – Father of Chemistry

Antoine Lavoisier is considered the father of chemistry in most countries . He is considered as the father of chemistry because of the book written by him “Tattva Ke Rasayan”. That book describes the trace elements hydrogen and oxygen. 

Robert Boyle, Jones Berzelius, Jabbar ibn Hayen and John Dalton were considered the fathers of chemistry in some parts of the world or some time ago. Antoine Lavoisier, Robert Boyle, Jones Berselius, Jabbar ibn Hayen and John Dalton are known as the fathers of chemistry. 

Everything You Must Know About Chemistry Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier

Lavoisier’s full name is Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier. He was born on 26 August 1743 in Paris, France. He died on 8 May 1794 at the age of just 50. His education was completed at this university.

He invented oxygen and hydrogen for the first time in the world. Not only this, he gave the concept of Combustion and Stoichiometry for the first time. 

Even today the concept of Stoichiometry is used for Indian assessment of chemistry. Due to these reasons, he is recognized as the father of modern chemistry .

He was awarded the Gold Medal in 1776 by the King of France for making street lights. He has also received an award from the American Chemical Society.

Know more about the father of chemistry

  • Father of Ancient Chemistry – Jabbar Ibn Hayen
  • Father of Nuclear Chemistry – Otto Hahn
  • Father of Physical Chemistry – Willard Gibbs & Hermann von Helmholtz
  • Father of the Periodic Table – Dmitri Mendeleev

In some countries of the world, Father of Chemistry Jöns Berzelius, Robert Boyle and John Dalton are considered.

Who got the first Nobel Prize in Chemistry?

The first Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded in 1901 to Jakos Henrikus van ‘t Hoff of the Netherlands for the laws of chemical dynamics and the discovery of osmotic pressure in solutions. 

Chemistry Definition and What is Chemistry? 

Chemistry is a major branch of science which includes the study of the composition, structure, properties of substances along with the energy changes in them during a chemical reaction.

substance of

  • Composition and Structure
  • qualities
  • chemical reaction

Substances – What is it?

The place that falls and has weight in it is called matter. 

Earth, air, humans and microorganisms have weight, so they are called matter. 

composition and structure of matter

The texture of matter is pronounced by the composition and structure. Matter is divided into two parts –

  • pure substance
  • impure substance

Pure substance, which consists of one type of substance and is divided into two parts –

  • Element
  • compound

The smallest part of an element is called an atom, inside the molecule there are electrons, protons, and newtons. The smallest part of a compound is called a molecule which is made up of atoms.

The impure substance which contains many types of substances and is divided into two parts –

  • heterogeneous mixture
  • homogeneous mixture

A heterogeneous mixture such as a stone that is not completely soluble in water. Homogeneous mixtures such as water that are completely soluble in salt.

properties of matter

The properties of matter are divided into two parts –

  • physical properties
  • chemical properties

physical properties

A physical property is one that can be observed without changing the chemical nature of the substance. Some examples of physical properties are color, density, volume, mass, boiling point and melting point. 

chemical properties

A chemical property is that which can be seen to change the chemical nature of matter. Examples of chemical properties are given, e.g., heat of combustion is the energy produced when a compound undergoes complete combustion (burning) with oxygen.

chemical reaction of matter

A chemical reaction, a process in which one or more substances, called reactants, are converted into one or more different substances, called products. The substance or chemical element or compound that reacts with another substance or chemical element or compound is seen as a chemical reaction of the substance. 

The study of the composition and structure, properties and chemical reaction of matter is called chemistry. Everything in existence is made of matter – even the earth, air, water to our own bodies.

Major 5 Branches of Chemistry

There are five main branches of chemistry, each with several areas of study.

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Physical Chemistry – Physical chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry – Biochemistry

Analytical chemistry uses qualitative and quantitative observation to identify and measure the physical and chemical properties of substances. In a sense, all chemistry is analytical.

Chemistry combines physical chemistry with physics. Physical chemists study how matter and energy interact. Thermodynamics and quantum mechanics are two of the important branches of physical chemistry.

Organic chemistry is specifically the study of compounds of carbon. Carbon has many unique properties that allow it to form a very large number of compounds with complex chemical bonds!

Inorganic chemistry is the study of materials such as metals, non-metals, and gases that do not contain carbon compounds. 

Biochemistry, the study of chemical processes in biology is called biochemistry. Organic chemistry is known as the “chemistry of life” because all the molecules that make up living tissues contain carbon as part of their makeup.


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