Father of Indian Navy: The strong Maratha Navy under the rule of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj protected the Indian waters from many foreign powers. At that time Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s navy was well equipped with weapons and cannons and was known for quick strikes on enemies. In 1674, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj started the work of establishing the Navy.
Indians have seen and lived a lot in the 75 years of independence. But the story of the struggle behind it is very old. Many warriors have sacrificed their lives to protect this earth. First the warriors, the freedom fighters shed their blood in the defense of this earth from the oppressive and cruel rulers, then now the soldiers posted in the defense of India, who are called soldiers in today’s India, they come from places like inaccessible peaks, snowy roads etc. protect.
In such a situation, we will talk about one of the three major armies of India, the Navy. The Navy has shown indomitable courage on many important occasions and rescued the sixes of the enemies. Many films have also been made about this, including ‘The Ghazi Attack’.
The story is about the time when the Indian Navy destroyed the Pakistani enemy in the first underwater submarine operation. In this operation, the Indian Navy’s INS Rajput submarine destroyed Pakistan’s PNS Ghazi. Many such important missions were carried out by the Indian Navy, but do you know who is called the Father of Indian Navy.
Who is the father of Navy?
So listen today we are going to tell you the story of Father of Indian Navy. It dates back to the 17th century, when the strong Maratha navy under the rule of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj protected the Indian waters from many foreign powers. At that time Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s navy was well equipped with weapons and cannons and was known for quick strikes on enemies.
In the year 1674, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj started the work of establishing the Navy. He had laid its foundation stone with strong will power. At that time the Arabs, Portuguese, British and pirates wanted to try to enter India through the sea of Konkan and Goa, but Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj had established the Navy to protect the sea.
For this, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj had built 20 armed ships in Bhiwandi, Kalyan and Panvel. It took almost a year to build it. Turning the pages of history, Krishnaji Anant Sabhasad, who was in the administration of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, had told that there were two squadrons in Shivaji Maharaj’s fleet. There were 200 ships in each squadron and all of them were of different types.
Sindhudurg fort is special
Shivaji Maharaj had also built many naval base for the protection of the waterway. In which the most important and strong is considered to be the Sindhudurg Fort, which is located in an island called Khurte Bet in the Arabian Sea on the coast of the city of Malvan, off the western coast in the Konkan region of Maharashtra. Spread over 48 acres, this fort was constructed in the year 1664 under the supervision of Hiroji Indulkar.
This fort was made strong enough to protect it from the attacks of foreign invaders, British rulers, etc., due to which it took 3 years to build. Over 4000 pounds of lead were used in the foundry during construction and the foundation stones were held firmly in place. While the ramparts are 3 km long, the walls are 30 feet in height and 12 feet in thickness. Shivaji Maharaj was not only powerful on land but he also had sway in the sea. Janjira, Dutch, British, French and Portuguese also mention the navy built by Shivaji Maharaj.
Foreign forces were afraid of these commanders,
some of these commanders included in Shivaji Maharaj’s navy, foreign invaders used to tremble. The extraordinary valor of Maratha commanders was discussed all around. They include Menak Bhandari, Sidhoji Gurjar, Kanhoji Angre, and Mendhaji Bhatkar. Who destroyed Portuguese and British ships and killed thousands of enemy sailors. There were also many Muslim soldiers in Shivaji Maharaj’s navy. In which Ibrahim and Daulat Khan were the most special. Both were of African descent. Today’s modern navy is the same old Shivaji Maharaj’s navy, which reminded the enemies the milk of sixth.
The history of the Indian sea is thousands of years old, it has also been mentioned in the Rigveda. In ancient history and Puranas, there is a mention of Varuna, the god of water.
At the time of independence, the Navy of India was only in name. According to the terms of the partition, about a third of the army went to Pakistan . Some of the most important naval institutions also belonged to Pakistan. The Indian government made immediate plans to expand the navy and bought the 7,030-ton cruiser ” Delhi ” from Great Britain before a year had passed. After this the destroyers ” Rajput “, ” Rana “, ” Ranjeet “, ” Godavari “, ” Ganga ” and ” Gomti ” were bought. After this an eight thousand ton cruiser was bought. It was named ” Mysore “. Aircraft carriers in the Indian fleet till 1964 AD,” (the flag ship of the Navy), the cruisers “Delhi” and “Mysore” were two destroyer squadrons and several frigate squadrons, in which some of the most advanced submarine and anti-aircraft frigates had been included. ” Brahmaputra “, ” Vyas “, ” Betwa “, ” Khukri “, ” Kirpan “, ” Talwar ” and ” Trishul ” are new frigates, specially constructed. ” Kaveri “, ” Krishna ” and ” Tir ” are old frigates used for training. Konkan “, ” Karwar “,” Kakinada ” ” Kananur”, ” Cuddalore”, “Basin” and “Bimalipattam” three tunneling squadrons have been formed. Renovation work of small naval ships has started and three sea defense boats, “Ajay”, “Akshay” and “Abhay” and one mooring ” Dhruvak ” is ready. Indian Navy has training institutes at Cochin , Lonavala, and Jamnagar . INS Arihant is India’s nuclear power submarine .
Indian Navy Day
The Indian Navy played an important role during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and launched Operation Trident. To commemorate the attack and to fulfill the role of a naval force every year, Navy Day is observed on 4 December. The day celebrates the achievements and role of the Indian Naval Force in the country.
The theme for 2019 Navy Day is Indian Navy – Salient, Strong and Swift.
The theme celebrated the courageous personnel of the Navy for their valuable service and sacrifice, who made the nation stronger and safer.
Key Points :
- The Indian Navy is a well-balanced three-dimensional force, capable of defending our national interests both on and under the surface of the oceans. It also aims to improve its conditions in the Indian Ocean region.
- It is the maritime branch of the Indian Armed Forces (IAF), and the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Navy is the President of India.
- The 17th century Maratha emperor, Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosale is considered the “Father of the Indian Navy”.
- The role of the Indian Navy is to secure the country’s shores and to update India’s worldwide relations through sea visits, joint exercises, critical transformation assistance, philanthropic missions, etc. It also aims to improve conditions in the Indian Ocean region.
Operation Trident :
Operation Trident was conducted on 4-5 December 1971. The first offensive was launched by the Indian Navy against the port city of Karachi in Pakistan during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. During the operation, the Indian suffered no damage, while three Pakistani ships were sunk, one ship was badly damaged, and the Karachi harbor fuel storage tanks were destroyed. INS Nipat, INS Nirghat and INS Veer played a key role in the attack.
About Indian Navy : _ _
The operational and administrative control of the Indian Navy is exercised by the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) from the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defense (Navy).
The Navy has three commands, each under the control of a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief.
1. Western Naval Command (Headquarters in Mumbai)
2. Eastern Naval Command (Headquarters at Visakhapatnam)
3. Southern Naval Command (Headquarters at Kochi)