Let’s know about Mahatma Gandhi Essay. Filled with purposeful ideology, the personality of Mahatma Gandhi was superior in terms of idealism. Mahatma Gandhi, honored with the title of Yug Purush of this era, is known as a social reformer, but according to Mahatma Gandhi, the contribution of education in the society is necessary for social upliftment. Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He was normal by birth but became great by his deeds. In a letter by Rabindranath Tagore, he was addressed as “Mahatma” Gandhi. Since then the world started calling him Mahatma Gandhi instead of Mr. Gandhi. Making the foundation of the principle of “Ahimsa Paramo Dharmah”, Mahatma Gandhi freed the country from the chains of slavery through various movements. He was a good politician as well as a very good orator. The words spoken by him are repeated by the people even today.
Early Life of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1867, in a coastal town in western India (present-day Gujarat). His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name was Putlibai. Mahatma Gandhi’s father was the Diwan of the small princely state of Kathiawar (Porbandar). It had a profound effect on Gandhi’s life due to the mother absorbed in faith and the traditions of Jainism of that region. Like fasting for the purification of the soul etc. At the age of 13, Gandhiji was married to Kasturba.
Mahatma Gandhi’s education initiation
Gandhiji did not feel like studying in childhood, but from childhood he knew the difference between right and wrong. His early education was completed from Porbandar, he did high school examination from Rajkot. And he was sent to Ahmedabad for matriculation. Later he did his advocacy from London.
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi to Education
Mahatma Gandhi believed that Indian education is not under the government but by the society. That’s why Mahatma Gandhi used to call Indian education ‘The Beautiful Tree’. He made a special contribution in the field of education. It was his wish that every citizen of India should be educated. The basic mantra of Gandhiji was to ‘establish a society without exploitation’.
Gandhi’s Basic Education Principles
- Children between the ages of 7 and 14 should get free and compulsory education.
- The medium of instruction should be the mother tongue.
- Literacy cannot be called education.
- Education develops the human qualities of the child.
In childhood, Gandhiji was considered retarded. But later he made an important contribution to Indian education.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay – 2 (400 words)
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In 1915, Rajvaidya Jivaram Kalidas addressed Bapu, who played a fundamental role in the independence of the country and showed the path of truth and non-violence to all, as Bapu for the first time. Even after decades, the world still calls him by the name of Bapu.
Who gave Bapu the title of ‘ Father of the Nation ‘ ?
There is no clear information regarding who addressed Mahatma Gandhi as Father of Nation for the first time, but due to a lawsuit filed in the High Court of Gujarat in 1999, Justice Bevis Pardiwala in all the testbooks, Rabindranath Tagore called Gandhiji for the first time. Called the Father of the Nation, issued an order to give this information.
Movements by Mahatma Gandhi
Following are the major movements fought by Bapu for the independence of the country-
- Non-Cooperation Movement
From the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Gandhi had come to know that it was futile to expect justice from the British government. Therefore, he started the non-cooperation movement under the leadership of the Indian National Congress from September 1920 to February 1922. With the help of millions of Indians, this movement was highly successful. And this dealt a huge blow to the British government.
- Salt Satyagraha
From March 12, 1930, a 24-day march was taken out from Sabarmati Ashram (place in Ahmedabad) to Dandi village. This movement was waged against the British government’s monopoly on salt. This was the most important movement among the movements made by Gandhiji.
- Dalit Movement
The All India Anti-Untouchability League was founded by Gandhiji in 1932 and he started the anti-untouchability movement on 8 May 1933.
- Quit India Movement
Quit India Movement was started on 8 August 1942 during the Second World War by Mahatma Gandhi from the Mumbai session of the All India Congress for the immediate independence of India from the British Empire.
- Champaran Satyagraha
The British landlords were forcibly getting the indigo cultivation from the poor farmers at very low prices. This created a situation of starvation among the farmers. This movement was started in the Champaran district of Bihar in 1917. And this was his first political victory in India.
In the words of Mahatma Gandhi, “Live something as if you are going to die tomorrow, learn something so that you are going to live forever”. The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, while living life on these principles, fought many movements against the British Empire for the independence of India.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay – 3 (500 words)
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“The weak never apologize, forgiving is the specialty of the strong” – Mahatma Gandhi
The profound impact of Gandhiji’s words on society can be seen even today. He was a pure soul born in a human body. Who tied India in the thread of unity with his intelligence and destroyed the evils like casteism prevalent in the society.
Gandhiji’s Africa tour
In South Africa, Gandhiji had to bear the persecution on the Indian. Despite having a first class train ticket, he was asked to move to the third class. And on his protest, he was humiliated and thrown down from the moving train. Not only this, his entry was barred in many hotels in South Africa.
Bapu’s return to India from Africa
Gandhi returned to India in 1914 at the invitation of the moderate Congress leader Gopal Krishna Gokhale. By this time Bapu had become famous as a nationalist leader and organizer in India. He first visited India to understand the current situation of the country.
Gandhi, the best writer with a skillful politician
Gandhi was a skilled politician as well as a very good writer. He has brought the ups and downs of life on the page with the help of a pen. Mahatma Gandhi worked as editor in Harijan, Indian Opinion, Young India. And the major books written by him are Hind Swaraj (1909), Satyagraha in South Africa (in this he describes his struggle in South Africa), India of my dreams and Gram Swaraj. This book filled with Gandhism stream still guides the citizen in the society.
Importance of Gandhian ideology
In the words of the Dalai Lama, “Today there is a great war going on between world peace and world war, spirituality and materialism, democracy and authoritarianism.” To root out this invisible war, it is necessary to adopt Gandhian ideology. Among the world famous social reformers, the Gandhian ideology has been successfully applied in the field of public leadership like Martin Luther King of USA, Nelson Mandela of South America and Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar.
Gandhiji as a Leader
After returning to India, Gandhiji led the fight for Indian independence from the British Empire. He organized several non-violent civil disobedience campaigns, went to jail several times. Influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, a large group of people started doing things like refusing to work for the British government, boycotting the courts. Each of these protests may seem small in the face of the power of the British government, but when it is opposed by the majority of the people, it has a huge impact on society.
Dear Bapu passes away
On the evening of 30 January 1948, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse with a Barrta pistol at Birla Bhawan in Delhi. 7 people including Nathuram were found guilty in this murder. Gandhiji’s funeral procession was carried out for 8 km. It was a sad moment for the country.
Surprisingly, even after being nominated five times for the “Noble Prize” for peace, Gandhiji has not received it till date. Dear Bapu, who taught the lesson of non-violence to all, is no more with us, but his principles will always guide us.
Frequently Asked Questions For Mahatma Gandhi Essay
How to write an essay on Gandhiji?
Mahatma Gandhi, the priest of non-violence, the ‘Father of the Nation’
His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas’s mother’s name was Putlibai, who was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas was the last child of his father’s fourth wife. Mahatma Gandhi is considered the leader of the Indian national movement against British rule and the ‘Father of the Nation’.
In simple words, who was Mahatma Gandhi?
Mahatma Gandhi, known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India – died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British. Government of India.
What is the slogan of Mahatma Gandhi?
Quit India speech is the speech given by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942 while launching the Quit India Movement. In this speech, he gave the slogan ‘Do or Die’ while calling on Indians for determination.
How many children did Mahatma Gandhi have?
Gandhiji and Kasturba had four sons. Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. Mahatma Gandhi Family: On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti, people remember Mahatma Gandhi, bow down to him, talk about following his teachings, but today on this occasion we are telling you a different side.
Which was the third movement of Mahatma Gandhi?
Quit India Movement started on 9 August 1942 during the Second World War. After the failure of the Cripps Mission, Bapu decided to launch the third major movement against the British rule. – On the evening of 8 August 1942, in the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee in Mumbai, the slogan of Quit British India was given.
When was Gandhiji born?
- Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in the city of Porbandar in Gujarat.
- His parents named him Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Who is considered the adopted son of Mahatma Gandhi?
Jamnalal Bajaj (4 November 1889 – 11 February 1942) was an Indian industrialist, anthropologist and freedom fighter. He was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and was a very close person to him. Gandhiji treated him like his own son.1
Which was the second movement of Mahatma Gandhi?
Explanation: Ahmedabad Mill Strike, 1918; There was a second movement in India under the leadership of Gandhiji.