Martyrs Day

Martyrs’ Day is celebrated in India to pay tribute to those who fought and sacrificed their lives for the freedom, welfare and progress of India. It is celebrated every year on 30 January all over India. India is one of the 15 countries in the world where Martyrs’ Day is celebrated every year to pay tribute to its freedom fighters.

Mahatma Gandhi was a baniya by birth but he considered his own religion to be humanity. According to him, war is a blunt weapon and non-violence is the best weapon to get freedom, he used to follow it.

Martyrs Day 2021

Martyrs’ Day (Sarvodaya Diwas) in 2021 was observed in India on 30 January, Sunday and 23 March, on Tuesday.

Martyrs Day 2020 Special (30 January)

  • India has decided to observe Martyrs Day 2020 as Anti Leprosy Day to promote Bapu’s commitment to fight leprosy.
  • In Nagaland, the Assam Rifles has constructed a war memorial for 357 martyrs at Mokokchung.

Martyrs Day 2020 Special (23 March)

To pay respect to the martyrs of the country, preparations have been started from all over the country for Martyrs’ Day, which is celebrated on 23rd March. Under this, a meeting of Shaheed Bhagat Singh Naujawan Sabha was held in Ajmer, Rajasthan on Sunday.

Spokesperson of the gathering Suresh Sharma said that poets like Dr. Arjun Sisodia resident of Bulandshahr, Hashim Firozabadi resident of Uttar Pradesh, Charanjit Charan resident of Delhi would come to the Shaurya Kavi Sammelan. The Kavi Sammelan will be organized at V Bhadu Lalgarhia Palace on Pushkar Road. In which poems filled with heroic rasa will be heard about the martyrs who laid down their lives for the country.

Along with this, a blood donation camp will be organized under the aegis of All India Kshatriya Kumawat Manch Jaipur on the special occasion of Martyr’s Day on 23rd March at Baba Ramdev Temple of Prajapat Samaj in Baltora, Rajasthan. Similarly, under the auspices of National Quami Ekta Sangh, Shanti Jain Mahila Mandal, Vaish Federation and Sustainable Service Sansthan of Bhilwara, a program ‘Za Yaad Karo Qurbani’ will be organized on the occasion of Martyr’s Day.

Why Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 30th January

Martyrs’ Day is celebrated every year on 30 January on the same day Mahatma Gandhi was attacked in the year 1948 before sunset during evening prayer. He was a great freedom fighter of India and was counted as a great patriot among millions of martyrs.

He struggled hard throughout his life for the freedom, development and public welfare of India. Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse on 30 January, due to which this day has been declared as Martyr’s Day by the Indian government. Since then, Martyrs’ Day is celebrated every year on 30 January to pay tribute to Mahatma Gandhi.

January 30, 1948 is the saddest day for the country, which had become the most toxic day in Indian history. Gandhi Smriti is the place where Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated at the age of 78 in Birla House during evening prayers.

It was the biggest misfortune for the country to lose such a father of the nation, under whose leadership the difficult victory of independence was achieved. He was killed in front of a large crowd who had come to attend the prayer meeting. After the attack on him, a large crowd had gathered at Birla House to see him. Bapu was a great man who had sacrificed his whole life for the freedom struggle along with lakhs of men and women and later became martyr.

That is why the occasion of Martyr’s Day in India is celebrated every year in the memory of the entire Indian martyrs and tribute is paid to them. After the independence of India, Bapu started a mission to create brotherhood, peace and harmony among the people of India but he was assassinated during his mission.

Why Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 23rd March

Martyrs Day is also celebrated on 23 March in India to pay tribute to Bhagat Singh, Shivram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar and remember their sacrifices. Bhagat Singh, Shivram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar fought the British rule for independence.

Born on 28 September 1907 in Lyallpur, Punjab in a Sikh family, Bhagat Singh was known among the great freedom fighters of Indian history. His father was a member of an organization known as Gadar Party which worked for the independence of India. Bhagat Singh along with his comrades Rajguru, Azad, Sukhdev, and Jai Gopal fought against the lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai. The courageous work of Shaheed Bhagat Singh is acting as a source of inspiration for the youth of today.

In the year 1929, on 8th April, along with his comrades threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly raising the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad”. He was booked for murder and was hanged on 23 March 1931 in Lahore jail at 7:33 pm. His body was cremated on the banks of river Sutlej. Presently at the National Martyrs Memorial at Hussainwala (Indo-Pak border), a huge martyrdom fair is organized at his birth place, Ferozepur.

How is Martyr’s Day celebrated?

On this day, the President of India along with the Vice President, Prime Minister, Defense Minister and service chiefs offer garlands of flowers to Bapu’s Samadhi at Raj Ghat. This is followed by an honorable salute by inter-service contingents and soldiers of the armed forces to pay respect to the martyrs.

After this, the people gathered there observe a silence of 2 minutes in the memory of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi and other martyrs of the country. At the same place religious prayers and hymns are sung by those who love them.

On this day, children from Kolkata’s schools take the form of Bapu and play a role in the program. During the celebration of Martyr’s Day, various programs related to the life of Bapu are organized by the school students.

However, to pay respect to other martyrs of the nation in India, it has been announced to celebrate more than one Martyr’s Day (nationally it is also called Sarvodaya Day).

13 July

To remember the death of 22 people, July 13 is also celebrated as Martyr’s Day in Jammu and Kashmir, India. In the year 1931, on 13 July, he was killed by Royal soldiers during a demonstration near Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir.

November 17

To commemorate the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai (popularly known as the Lion of Punjab), 17 November is celebrated as Martyr’s Day in Orissa. He was a great leader and freedom fighter during India’s independence from the British Raj.

In the state of Jhansi (Birthday of Rani Laxmibai) 19 November is also celebrated as Martyr’s Day. It is celebrated to pay respect to those people who sacrificed their lives during the revolt of 1857.

statement related to martyr’s day

  • “Because not always to be understood, martyrs, my friend, has to choose between being forgotten, ridiculed, or used.”
  • Those people who really make history are martyrs.
  • The blood of martyrs is the seed of the Church.
  • Man never accepts his angel and influences them but he loves and worships his martyrs for whom they are tortured and killed.
  • “They are not sent to earth as martyrs; They want to come out. It depends on your culture, where you are working, where you live. Circumstances of all persons are different”.
  • It would be true to say that it generates more trust to the martyrs than generates the trust of the martyr.
  • Martyrs do not underestimate the body, they are ready to crucify it. He is one with his opponents in this.
  • Among the martyrs are placed great tyrants whose heads are not beheaded.
  • We, who live in ghosts. Tomorrow is for our martyrs.
  • All religions have a period in their history that trembles as the time of the tyrants and looks back with dread looking at the past and each religion has its own book of martyrs.
  • The patriotism of these martyrs sacrifices their lives for one idea.
  • The tyrant dies and his rule ends, the martyr dies and his rule begins.
  • They can torture my body, break my bones, even kill me. After this they will have my corpse but my obedience will not be achieved.