NRC Full Form

Let’s know about the NRC Full Form. A few days ago there was panic in the whole country regarding NRC. Before knowing what is going on about NRC, it is important for you to know what is NRC. The atmosphere in the country had worsened due to the passage of both CAA and NRC bills. Demonstrations were being held against it from place to place.

Political parties also crowded with each other. Would like to tell you that mainly the purpose of the NRC bill is to send the migrants living illegally in the country out of this country and send them back to their country. It is also an interesting thing that strict laws are already in force in America and European countries regarding illegal immigrants, and infiltrators. Whereas the introduction of this bill in India has caused an earthquake. Still, many people are not able to stop opposing it. But most people are in support of this bill.

Today’s article is about NRC. In this article, I will understand in detail what is NRC, the full form of NRC, the purpose of implementing NRC, and the reason for opposing it, etc. So let’s start-

NRC full form

The full form of NRC in English is: “National Register of Citizens”

What is NRC

NRC (National Register of Citizens) is the official record of people who are legitimate Indian citizens. It contains demographic information about all those persons who are accepted as citizens of India as per the Citizenship Act, of 1955. This register was first created after the census of India in 1951. This was the first census of the Republic of India.

The NRC (National Register of Citizens) first caught the attention of the entire country in 2019 when it was implemented in Assam. 

The NRC bill was introduced by Home Minister Amit Shah during the 17th Lok Sabha on 9 December 2019 and was passed on 10 December 2019.

The NRC was first started in 2013 in Assam under the supervision of the Supreme Court. At present, NRC is not applicable in any state other than Assam.

Who is an Indian citizen according to the Citizenship Act, of 1955?

Under the Citizenship Act, of 1955, a person shall be called a citizen of India in the following cases:

  • Born on or after January 26, 1950, but before July 1, 1987;
  • Born on or after 1st July 1987, but before the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, and at the time of his birth either of his parents must be an Indian citizen;
  • on or after  the effective date of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, but in this case,
  1. One of his parents must be Indian; Or 
  2. If one of his parents is an Indian citizen and the other is not an illegal migrant at the time of his birth.

Why was NRC implemented in Assam? (Why NRC was implemented in Assam?)

Assam is the first state where NRC has been implemented. In fact, Assam is a border state and has been facing the problems of illegal immigration for many years. Many in Assam complain of heavy infiltration from the eastern border, which is weakening the Assamese culture and changing the demographics of the region.

The reasons for large-scale illegal immigration in Assam are population pressure in Bangladesh and better economic opportunities in Assam in terms of lifetime income, land acquisition, and property purchase. It is a state-specific effort to preserve the ethnic diversity of Assam. The NRC was implemented in Assam with the aim of identifying illegal immigrants who came to Assam from Bangladesh after the 1971 war with Pakistan.

In 2013, Assam Public Works and Assam Sanmilita Mahasangha & Ors filed a petition in the Supreme Court, requesting the removal of the names of illegal immigrants from Assam from the electoral rolls. As a result, the Supreme Court ordered updating of the Citizenship Act of 1955 and the Citizenship Rules of 2003 across Assam. The application process started in 2015 and the final updated NRC was announced on 31 August 2019.

The names of more than 1.9 million applicants were not included in this NRC list. Out of the total of 3.29 crore applicants, around 19 lakh were not included in the list. 

For citizenship, a list of acceptable documents is given below:

  • Birth certificate
  • LIC policy
  • Refugee registration certificate
  • Land and tenancy records
  • Citizenship certificate, passport, government-issued license or certificate (Citizenship certificate, passport, government-issued license or certificate)
  • Bank/Post Office Account and Permanent Certificate
  • Government employment certificate, educational certificate, and court records

Disputes regarding NRC

Not only the people but many MPs also opposed the NRC in a big way. ML A. of All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) of Assam. His name was missing from the NRC list. On this, he said that there are thousands of legitimate Indians, especially Bengali Hindus, whose names have not been included in this list, but the names of some illegal immigrants who were under the NRC have come to the fore.

The Supreme Court had refused this list for re-verification. The whole Indian public was upset that if the NRC is implemented in the whole country, then it is possible that despite submitting all the documents, their name may be missing from the NRC list.

Opponents feel that NRC will only serve to divide the Indian population, especially Hindus and Muslims. Opponents also believe that  NRC links citizenship with religion in a secular country like India, so it is against the principles of the Indian Constitution. 

India is likely to damage relations with its South Asian neighbors, particularly Bangladesh and Nepal, as well as its residents. When the NRC was implemented in Assam, Bangladesh was at the center of the whole argument.

What happened to the people in Assam whose names were excluded from the NRC list? What happened to those people in Assam whose names were out of the NRC list?

Those not on the list were to be given “rejection slips” so that they could present their case in the Aliens Tribunals. They were entitled to all necessary legal aid from the government. These people were not considered ‘declared foreigners’ and no one has been detained yet. The people on the list who were not allowed to vote in the Assam Assembly elections were also allowed to vote.

The current status of the NRC is that at present the government has not yet taken any decision on preparing the National Register of Citizens.

NRC Full Form– Conclusion

In this article, I have tried to give you all the important information about NRC like what is NRC, NRC Full Form, why NRC is implemented, in which states of India NRC is implemented, About NRC information, why the protest is happening, etc.