Republic Day Essay

Let us know about Republic Day Essay. 26 January is one of the three important national festivals of India . 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day with great enthusiasm and respect throughout the country. This is the day when the republic and constitution came into force in India. This is the reason that this day is also associated with the pride and honor of our country. On this day, many programs are organized across the country and especially in schools and government offices, it is celebrated with great pomp and speech, essay writing and many cultural programs are also organized in its honor.

Essay 1 on Republic Day (250 words)

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Every year on 26 January, India celebrates its Republic Day because the Constitution of India came into force on this day. We all celebrate it as a national festival and this day has been declared as a national holiday.

Apart from this, Gandhi Jayanti and Independence Day have also been declared as national holidays. With the implementation of the Constitution of India in the Indian Parliament, our country became a fully democratic republic.

grand event

On this great day there is a grand parade by the Indian Army which usually starts from Vijay Chowk and ends at India Gate. During this, the President is saluted by the three Indian armies (land, water, and air), as well as a display of state-of-the-art weapons and tanks by the army, which is a symbol of our national strength. After the army parade, all the states of the country present their culture and tradition through tableaux. After this, flowers are showered from the sky like the colors of our national flag (saffron, white, and green) by the Indian Air Force.

History of republic day

After independence, a drafting committee was asked to prepare the draft of the permanent constitution of India in the meeting of 28 August 1947. On 4 November 1947, the draft of the Indian Constitution was placed in the House under the chairmanship of Dr. BR Ambedkar. The constitution was prepared in 2 years 11 months and 18 days. Finally, the waiting time ended with its implementation on 26 January 1950. At the same time the pledge of Poornam Swaraj was also respected.


On this day, students in schools and colleges also celebrate this festival by many activities like parade, sports, drama, speech, dance, singing, essay writing, helping in social campaigns, playing the role of freedom fighters etc. On this day every Indian should take a pledge to make his country peaceful and developed. In the end each student happily leaves for his home with sweets and snacks.

Essay 2 on Republic Day (300 words)

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In India every year 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day by the people of India with great joy and enthusiasm. It is celebrated to honor the importance of being a sovereign democratic republic, which has been celebrated since the coming into force of the Constitution of India on 26 January 1950. This day has been declared by the Government of India as a gazetted holiday across the country. It is celebrated all over India by the students in schools, colleges and educational institutions.

Delhi parade on 26 January

The Government of India organizes an event every year in the national capital, New Delhi, in which a special parade is organized at the India Gate. Early in the morning, people start gathering on the Rajpath to see this great program. In this, the three armies start their parade from Vijay Chowk, in which different types of weapons and weapons are also displayed. Army bands, NCC cadets and police forces also showcase their art through various melodies. In the states too, this festival is celebrated in a grand manner in the presence of the Governor.

national festival

Republic Day is celebrated as a national holiday in India. People celebrate this great day in their own way, such as by watching news, by speech in school or by participating in any competition related to India’s independence etc. On this day a huge program is organized by the Indian government at the Rajpath in New Delhi, where after flag hoisting and the national anthem, the Indian Army is paraded in front of the President of India at the India Gate.

Epilogue – Glimpses of Culture

To show the existence of “unity in diversity” after independence in India, different states of the country also display their culture, tradition and progress through special tableaux. Folk dances are presented by the people on their side as well as singing, dancing and playing musical instruments. At the end of the program flowers of three colors (saffron, white, and green) are showered by the Air Force which displays the national flag symbol in the sky. Some colorful balloons are released in the sky to show peace.

Essay 3 on Republic Day (400 words)

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Our motherland India was the slave of British rule for a long time during which Indian people were forced to obey the laws made by British rule, India finally got independence on 15th August 1947 after a long struggle by Indian freedom fighters. After about two and a half years, India implemented its constitution and declared itself as a democratic republic. After about 2 years 11 months and 18 days, on 26 January 1950, the Indian Constitution was passed by our Parliament. With the declaration of itself as a sovereign, democratic, republic, 26 January was celebrated as Republic Day by the people of India.

proud national festival

It is an honor for the people residing in India and Indians living abroad to celebrate the Republic Day. This day has special significance and is celebrated with great enthusiasm by the people by participating in many activities and organizing them. People wait very eagerly for this day to be a part of it again and again. The preparations for the Republic Day celebrations start a month in advance and during this time the movement of people is banned at India Gate due to security reasons so that any kind of criminal incident can be stopped before it happens. This also ensures the safety of the people present there on that day.

National festival – a sign of unity in diversity

All over India, special arrangements are made on this festival in all the state capitals and also in the national capital New Delhi. The program begins with the flag hoisting by the President and the National Anthem. Each state presents a tableau for its own diversity. After this, activities like parade, prize distribution, march past etc. take place by the three armies. And finally the whole atmosphere reverberates with “Jana Gana Mana”.

colorful program

School and college students are very excited to celebrate this festival and start preparing for it a month in advance. On this day, students are awarded with prizes, prizes, and certificates etc. for their better performance in the academy, in sports or in other areas of education. On this day family members with their friends, family, and children participate in the programs organized at social places. Everyone gets ready to watch the program on Rajpath before 8 in the morning on TV.


On this day everyone should make a promise that they will protect the constitution of their country, maintain the harmony and peace of the country, as well as cooperate in the development of the country.

Essay 4 on Republic Day (500 words)

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Republic Day is one of the most important national festivals of India, this special day is celebrated with much fanfare across the country. It is celebrated on this day every year to commemorate the Indian Constitution that came into force on 26 January 1950. Indian Republic Day is a very special occasion for all Indians, this day makes us understand the importance of the republic and constitution established in our country because along with the struggle in the independence of our country, the constitution of our country also has a great contribution and it It is the day, which makes us acquainted with the importance of the republic of our country and its history.

History of Indian Republic Day

The history of Indian Republic Day is quite interesting, it started on 26 January 1950. When the Constitution of India was implemented by removing the ‘Government of India Act’ in our country, the Republic Day program is celebrated every year on 26 January to honor the Constitution and Republic of our country. However, there is another history associated with this day and it was started on 26 January 1930 as it was the historic day when the Congress had put forth the demand of Purna Swaraj for the first time.

It started when a resolution was passed in Lahore in 1929 during the Congress session presided over by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru that if the British government did not grant ‘Dominion Status’ to India by January 26, 1930, India would declare itself declared completely independent. After this, till 26 January 1930, the British government did not give any answer to this demand of the Congress. So from that day the Congress started its active movement for the determination of complete independence and when India became independent on 15 August 1947, the Government of India keeping in mind the historical importance of 26 January. This day was chosen for the establishment of the republic.

importance of republic day

Celebrated on 26th January, this festival of our Republic Day fills our pride and gives us a feeling of complete freedom, that is why this day is celebrated with so much pomp and gaiety across the country. This festival of Republic Day is very important for all of us because it is the day which makes us understand the importance of our constitution. Even though our country became independent on 15 August 1947, but it got full independence on 26 January 1950 because it was that day.

When the constitution of our country came into effect and our country of India was established on the world stage as a republican country. In today’s time, if we can take any decision independently or can raise our voice against any kind of oppression and mismanagement, then this is possible only because of the constitution and republican nature of our country. This is the reason why Republic Day is celebrated as a national festival in our country.


This national festival of Republic Day is very important for us because the constitution of our country and its republican nature works to connect our country from Kashmir to Kanyakumari. This is the day when our country was established on the world map as a republican country. This is the reason why this day is celebrated all over the country with so much pomp and gaiety.

Essay 5 on Republic Day (600 words)

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Indian Republic Day celebrated on 26 January is the day when the Constitution of our country came into effect on this day in 1950. Republic Day is one of the three national festivals of India, which is why it is celebrated with great respect and enthusiasm by every caste and sect.

Why celebrate Republic Day?

The main reason for celebrating Republic Day is that the Constitution of our country came into effect on this day. However, apart from this, there is another history of this day, which is quite interesting. It started with the session of the Indian National Congress held under the chairmanship of Pandit Nehru in Lahore in December 1929. In which it was announced by the Congress that if India is not given autonomous government (Dominion Status) by 26 January 1930, then after that India will declare itself completely independent, but when this day came and this was done by the British Government. If no response was given on the issue, the Congress started its active movement from that day with the goal of achieving complete independence. This is the reason that when our country of India became independent, on this day of 26 January, the constitution was chosen for establishment.

national festival of india republic day

Republic Day is not an ordinary day, it is the day when our country of India got complete independence because even though India became independent on 15 August 1947, but it became completely independent when on 26 January 1950. On the day the newly created Constitution of India was implemented by removing the ‘Government of India Act’. Hence from that day on 26 January this day was celebrated as Republic Day in India. It is one of the three national festivals of India, the other two being Gandhi Jayanti and Independence Day. This day is a national holiday across the country, which is why in many places like schools and offices, its program is celebrated a day before.

Some interesting facts related to Republic Day

Many important interesting facts related to Indian Republic Day have been discussed below.

  • Purna Swaraj program was celebrated for the first time on this day on 26 January 1930. In which a pledge was taken to achieve complete independence from the British rule.
  • A Christian sound is played during the Republic Day parade, which is named “Aboide with Me” as it is one of Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite sounds.
  • Indonesia’s President Sukarno was the chief guest of India’s first Republic Day celebrations.
  • The Republic Day celebrations were first organized at Rajpath in the year 1955.
  • The President of India is given a 31-gun salute during the Indian Republic Day celebrations.

republic day celebration

Every year on 26 January this Republic Day event is celebrated in a grand manner at Rajpath in New Delhi. Along with this, it has also been a custom to invite a special foreign guest on Republic Day, sometimes more than one guest is also invited under it. On this day, the tricolor is first hoisted by the President of India and after that all the people present there collectively stand and sing the national anthem.

After this, a variety of cultural and traditional tableaux are taken out, which are very attractive to see. Along with this, the most special program of this day is the parade, which people are very excited to see. The parade begins with the Prime Minister laying flowers at the Amar Jawan Jyoti on Rajpath. It is participated by various regiments of the Indian Army, Air Force and Navy.

This is the program through which India also displays its strategic and diplomatic power and gives the message to the world that we are capable of protecting ourselves. Many chief guests were invited together in the Republic Day celebrations of 2018. Heads of all ASEAN countries were invited to the event. This program of Republic Day celebrations is also very important for India’s foreign policy because the arrival of the chief guests of different countries invited in this program gives India an opportunity to enhance relations with these countries.


Republic Day is one of the three national festivals of our country, it is the day which makes us realize the importance of our republic. This is the reason why it is celebrated all over the country with so much zeal and enthusiasm. Along with this, this is also the day when India displays its strategic power, which is not to terrorize anyone, but to give a message that we are capable of protecting ourselves. This day of 26 January is a historic festival for our country, so we should celebrate this festival with full enthusiasm and respect.

Frequently Asked Question For Republic Day Essay

How to give speech on Republic Day?

On January 26, 1950, by implementing the Constitution of the country, the way was prepared to make India a country with a republican system. In memory of this, Republic Day is celebrated in India every year on 26 January. India became independent on August 15, 1947, but on January 26, 1950, the democratic system was accepted by implementing the constitution.

Write a paragraph on Republic Day in five sentences?

Republic Day, celebrated on 26 January every year, is the national festival of India, which every Indian celebrates with full enthusiasm, zeal and respect. Being a national festival, it is celebrated by people of all religions, sects and castes.

What is the importance of Republic Day?

Importance of Indian Republic Day
In 1950, on 26 January itself, the Government of India Act 1935 was replaced by the Constitution of India. 26 January was chosen to implement the Constitution because on this day in 1930, the Indian National Congress declared Purna Swaraj at midnight during the Lahore session.

How to write essay on 26 January?

history of republic day
After the independence of India, on 9th December 1947, the Constituent Assembly was started, which was prepared in 2 years 11 months and 18 days. On this day Purna Swaraj was also declared in India by the Indian Congress government and from that day 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day.

What does republic mean?

A republic or republic (republica) (Latin: res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a “public matter”, not a private institution or property of the rulers. Primary positions of power within a republic are not inherited. It is a form of government in which the head of state is not the king.

What is the history of Republic Day?

The first Republic Day History was celebrated in the country on 26 January 1950 and from this day the Indian Constitution came into force. Earlier the Constituent Assembly which drafted the Constitution of India held its first session on 9 December 1946. Its last session was held on 26 November 1949 and after that the constitution was adopted.

When was the republic established in India?

On 26 January 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, declared the historic birth of the Indian Republic by unfurling the Indian National Flag after a 21-gun salute. 894 days after getting rid of the British rule, our country became an independent state.

When was the republic established in India?

The country’s first Indian Governor General, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari declared India a sovereign democratic republic on 26 January 1950 at 10:18 am. 6 minutes after this announcement, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of the Republic of India.