Senecio Angulatus

Senecio Angulatus , also known as creeping jamb [7] and sometimes as Cape ivy , [8] is a succulent flowering plant in the family Asteraceae . Itis native to South Africa . [9] It is a scrambling [10] and a twining herb [11] that once established can become an invasive weed , making it an invasive species in some countries. [4] However, it is an ornamental plant .It is grown for its succulent leaves and sweet-scented flowers.

Senecio Angulatus
Senecio Angulatus

Senecio angulatus can be distinguished botanically from Delairea odorata by the lack of lobes at the leaf stalk base, the fleshy leaf surface and outwardly curved leaf teeth. [4] D.odorta lacks ray florets with petal-like ligules. [13] Senecio tamoides has been misapplied in Australia and is currently considered Senecio angulatus .


leaves and stems

Its form is 2 m (6.6 ft) tall [15] or a climber that can reach up to 6 m (20 ft) high if suitable support is available. [11] The leaves are rhombic to oval, 3 cm (1.2 in) to 5 cm (2.0 in) long and 1 cm (0.39 in) to 5 cm (2.0 in) wide, and are 1- Occurs in 4 pairs. They are coarse, shiny, fleshy and coarse-toothed, with one to three teeth on each side [4] and bluntly lobed, [15] the upper leaves becoming smaller with fewer teeth or none at all. [4] The powder coating on the bottom gives them a frosted look. [5]

The leaf stalks are 1 cm (0.39 in) to 4 cm (1.6 in) long. The stems are succulent, pale green, and are often variegated with yellow, green and purple hues. They are slightly angular [5] (not straight) and usually less branched. [4] Neither the stem nor the leaves are hairy.


Senecio angulatus produces many flowers [5] in open clusters at the end of its branches or stems . [4] The honey-scented flowers are on a long stem that opens upward from the base as the stem continues to grow. The flower clusters are more flat at the top than pyramid-like [5] and are 4 cm (1.6 in) to 8 cm (3.1 in) in diameter. [13] Often the cluster is bent downward and the flower heads at the end of the cluster are turned upward. [5]

The flower stalks are mostly hairless or with a few short hairs, 6.5 millimeters (0.26 in) to 10.5 millimeters (0.41 in) long. There are 8–11 fine pointed segments 5 millimeters (0.20 in) to 6 millimeters (0.24 in) [4] attached to the flower stalk, which are surrounded by 4-7 pale green and sometimes purple complementary segments at the base. , 1.5 millimeters to 2.5 millimeters that form a cup shape around the base of the invoker.

The individual flower-heads are radiating and urn-shaped. [13] The corolla consists of a disc [4] containing 10–15 dull golden-yellow disc florets. [13] Each disc floret is a hairless tube that extends slightly down the middle and has a lobe of 1.3 millimeters to 2 millimeters wide. [5] 4–6 ray florets surround the disc florets and the yellow [4] ligules (which look like petals) are 5.5 millimeters (0.22 in) to 9.5 millimeters (0.37 in) long. Which make flowers like daisies. [15]

It flowers from April to May in southern Africa [11] and from May to July in Australia and New Zealand. [13]

fruit and reproduction

Creeping groundsel is easily spread by wind-blown seeds, stem pieces, and dumped garden waste. [15] Achenes are 3 millimeters to 4 millimeters long, [4] [5] ribbed or grooved with short hairs in the grooves [4] [5] and a slender cylindrical shape. [4] [13] The parachute-like hair, the pappus, is 5 millimeters to 7 millimeters long.


The plant is cultivated in North Africa, southern Europe and parts of the Levant. [16] [17] It was introduced to Malta as an ornamental plant in the 15th century. [18] In Queensland, climbing jamb may have increased in popularity following the Boer War, as there are anecdotal accounts that it had been introduced by soldiers who returned to Australia after 1902, also from South Africa, in that garden pillars Was featured in Brisbane newspapers between 1906 and 1910, praising the plant for the beauty of both its foliage and its yellow clusters. Although these reports on Senecio Tamoides, S. angulatus, which was a weed on the East Coast at the time. [19]

The plant was collected as a weed in 1936 in Mornington, a southern suburb of Melbourne, and was featured in newspaper column submissions in the 1940s and 1950s in the areas between Bendigo and Swan Hill. In the Melbourne metropolitan area, it became prevalent in the disintegrated rock gullies of coastal bays and suburban creeks.

The plant grows in USDA hardiness zones 9a to 11b and is a medium to fast grower. Very drought tolerant, it thrives better in summer with some water and blooms more frequently in full sun. It can grow as a houseplant indoors, provided it receives some sunlight. Pruning is essential as the plant can become limp as it grows tall.

Propagation can be done by cuttings (since the plant readily takes root from branch tips), and it has to be conducted between spring and fall. [21] [22] The seeds prefer constant moisture and warm temperatures to germinate. Annual fertilization is necessary, although not mandatory. Pests include aphids.


It is native to the Cape Province in South Africa, but is naturalized in parts of southern Italy, France, Portugal and some coastal regions of southeastern Australia. [2] [13] It is invasive in New Zealand and an environmental weed in Victoria, Australia. [10] [23] Because it is invasive, it can suppress existing native vegetation in both the ground layer and canopy, thus altering the light climate in the invasion community and sometimes suppressing the regeneration of native plants. . [15]

Native :afrotropicSouthern Africa : South Africa (Cape Province)



East Tropical Africa : Uganda, Kenya, TanzaniaSouth Africa : South AfricaaustralasiaAustralia : Western Australia (Esperance Plain, Warren, Swan Coastal Plains), [11] New South Wales (South Coast and Mid North Coast), southern Victoria and Tasmania.New Zealand : New Zealand North, New Zealand South (Nelson City, Wairau Bar (Marlborough), Banks Peninsula)palearcticNorth Africa : Tunisia, Libya [18] and Algeria [24]Macaronesia : Canary Islands (Gran Canaria, Hierro, Tenerife), Balearic Islands (Ibiza, Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca)South-Western Europe : Corsica, Channel Islands, Spain, France and Monaco, PortugalSoutheast Europe : Italy, Sardinia, Sicily, Albania, Croatia and surrounding islands [18]

Sources: Green, [3] Aluka, [5] FBAF, [11] NSWF , [13] NZPND, [4] BGB [17]


Creeping groundsel prefers black gram soil and gray sand, sandy soil and limestone soil. It finds homes with these soils on coastal areas on cliff faces, mudflats, wet pits in dunes, near swamps, [11] in landfills, scrubland and near settlements, [13] especially near the sea. [4]

Common name

  • English: Creeping groundsel , [7] garden senecio, meal-a-minute, scrambling groundsel
  • French: Senecón angulex [17] (senecio angular)
  • Italian: senecio Rampicante (creeping senecio)
  • Spanish: La Hiedra del Cabo, Senecio Hiedra (Cape Ivy, Senecio Ivy)
  • Xhosa : In Dindili [8]
  • Arabic : Sheikha Al-Qurayd, Sheikha Al-Qurayd crawling, stomping the cat (cat’s footsteps)


  • Bouquet of flowers
  • Cape Ivy running back on the rocks of the ground
  • disc florets
  • by the sea
  • budding flowers
  • in the garden yard
  • as a balcony plant
  • rock wall hanging
  • soft fur
  • pot plant
  • Sample on a mesh