Today we read about the Speech on Indian Constitution. We all are proud to be Indian. Our country is the largest democratic country. We have made a lot of progress in these 70 years. This year we all are celebrating our 71st Republic Day. It has been 71 years since our constitution came into force. The Constitution means the book of law, in which the system of governance to run the country properly is cited. Our constitution is the largest written constitution in the world. The Constitution was implemented in the whole of India on 26 January 1950. Since Republic Day is celebrated on this occasion. For this reason it is imperative to mention on the Constitution. Here we are giving some speeches on the constitution in very easy and simple language which will help you in this regard.
Short and Long Speech on Constitution of India
Speech on Indian Constitution – 1
First of all, I wholeheartedly welcome all the special people who came here like Principal Sir, all the teachers, parents and children present. We all have gathered here today to celebrate our 71st Republic Day. Today our constitution has been implemented for 71 years.
Today, I pay homage to all those great fighters. Because of whom we got this freedom.
I am very happy that on this auspicious day I got a chance to speak my mind.
The Constitution of India was implemented across the country on 26 January 1950. That is why this day is celebrated as a national festival. The constitution has got the title of supreme document. How to run the governance of the country, that is written in full detail in the constitution. The rights and duties of the citizens of the country have been told. The reins of India’s democracy are taken care of by the Constitution itself. This shows that our country is ‘a federation of states’. We have a parliamentary system of functioning, that is, the supremacy of the Parliament. Parliament is the best and most important.
Our country is an independent sovereign socialist democratic republic. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and implemented nationwide on 26 January 1950. Constitution means rules and principles made by law. They have to be followed regularly. Our constitution is the largest and most comprehensive constitution in the world. The Constituent Assembly was formed for its creation. Drafting committee was formed to prepare its draft, which was headed by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. That is why Ambedkar is called the father of the constitution.
With these lines I end my speech.
Everyone will say together – Bharat Mata ki Jai, Vande Mataram.
Speech on Indian Constitution – 2
I am very proud that I was born in a great country like India. We all should be proud to be Indian. I am feeling immense joy, I thank my principal sir who considered me worthy and gave me the opportunity to speak two words on this occasion. First of all, I would like to greet all the distinguished guests, the headmaster, present teachers, parents and students who have come here.
We all have gathered here today to celebrate our 71st Republic Day. Our country has seen many ups and downs in these 70 years, but it has never faltered. Stands firm like a strong rock. Our country is going on the path of development. Recently, ISRO scientists launched their incredible and ambitious project Chandrayaan 2. Suppose it did not succeed, but it is a matter of great honor and pride for the whole country.
The Constitution of our country is the book of the world’s largest democracy. This determines the course of our country. This is the longest constitution ever, which has been made after a thorough study of the constitutions of many countries. The Constitution of India is the largest written constitution. At the same time, it makes India a socialist democratic republic with independent sovereignty. When the constitution came into force, at that time it had 395 articles, 8 schedules and 22 parts, but now it has increased to 448 articles, 12 schedules and 25 parts. Several appendices were also added which were not there initially.
It is a matter of great concern that today’s youth do not have the feeling about the country which they should have. This is the reason why some crime happens every day in our beautiful country.
I would request the future of my country to contribute to the development of the country. Find and invent new employment opportunities. That would be true patriotism. And also the right way to celebrate the Republic festival.
With these words I wish to bid farewell. Thank you
Speech on Indian Constitution – 3
Good morning, honorable headmaster, teachers and all my classmates. Greetings to the dignitaries present here, the headmaster, the present teachers, parents and all my students. I feel very proud to have got the opportunity to speak something in front of you elders.
Our first Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru had said, if you want to know about our Constitution, then just read the Preamble of the Constitution i.e. Preamble. It is the essence of the entire constitution. This is called the essence of the constitution. That is why before starting about the constitution it is very important to know about its preamble i.e. preamble. It is something like this –
“We, the people of India, to make India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, and to all its citizens:
To achieve social, economic and political justice, freedom of thought, expression, belief, religion and worship, equality of status and opportunity,
and in all of them,
To promote fraternity, ensuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation,
With determination, in our Constituent Assembly today, on the date 26 November 1949 AD (Miti Margashirsha Shukla Saptami, Samvat 2006 Vikrami), hereby adopt, enact and surrender this Constitution.
From reading this it is known that –
- Constitution is for the people and the people are the ultimate sovereign.
- It is an indicator of the goals and aspirations of the logo.
- It can be used to remove ambiguity in a paragraph.
- On what date was the constitution made and passed?
The biggest scripture of the world’s largest democracy is our constitution. The making of the Constitution had started in 1946 itself. Its responsibility was entrusted to the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly. Babasaheb Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar was made the chairman of the draft committee. That is why Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar is called the framer of the Constitution. It took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to prepare its final draft. And was dedicated to the country on 26 November 1949. Since then, 26 November is celebrated as Constitution Day all over the country.
About one crore rupees were spent in making the constitution. And the drafting committee wrote the constitution by hand, and then the calligraphy was done. At that time no printing, typing etc. was done. The members of the Constituent Assembly were mainly Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad etc. Satchidanand Sinha was elected as its temporary president.
In the Constituent Assembly meeting on 11 December 1946, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the permanent president.
The Constitution talks about a parliamentary form of government. According to which India is a union of states. The constitutional head of the central executive is the President, but the real power is vested in the Prime Minister.
The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to frame the Indian Constitution. After independence, only the members of the Constituent Assembly became the first members of the Parliament.
The Constituent Assembly of India was formed in July 1946 on the recommendations of the Cabinet Mission.
The total number of members of the Constituent Assembly was 299, including representatives of British provinces, 4 chief commissioners, representatives of territories and representatives of 93 princely states. It was debated for a total of 114 days. After that it came in its original form. The word ‘Socialist’ was added to the Preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976.
These were some basic things about the Constitution, which I have laid before you today. I hope this will make it easier for you to understand the constitution.
I would like to ask your permission along these lines.
Jai Hind Jai Bharat.