Let’s know about Zoapatle. Zoapatle (Montanoa tomentosa Cerv.) is a species of plant belonging to the Asteraceae family, native to Mexico and much of Central America. It is a shrub with yellow flowers that is used in traditional herbal medicine.
The name Zapatale derives from the Nahuatl ” cihuatl” ( female) and ” fatli” ( medicine), which in Spanish translates as “medicine for women”. According to each region, it is referred to as Cihuapatlé, Ciguapatale, Cacapachel, Chapas, Locality. Also known as ke mulle, ke grass, zihuapatle, zoapatl or zuhuapatli.
It is a very delightful mid height shrub with stems, branches and pubescent leaves and hairy appearance. Very fragrant brittle leaves and flowers grouped in clusters are characteristic of the species.
In traditional Mexican medicine there is a plant used for its properties in the so-called diseases of women. It is used to solve problems related to childbirth, either to induce it or to speed it up, it is also used as a laxative. It is commonly used to relieve menstrual problems; Activates vaginal discharge, stimulates regulation, regulates the menstrual cycle and reduces pain. It is useful to increase the secretion of breast milk and apply postpartum seat baths; Also protects against gout.
The jopotle plant is a bushy plant 1 to 2 m high, which presents pubescent stems. The deltoid or corbada type leaves are broad on the petiole and are pointed at the end.
The leaves have a brittle appearance, have jagged edges and are strongly scented. The surface of the beam is pubescent and the underside has very fine hairs of the appearance of tostos.
Flowers of various sizes grow in clusters at the tip of the stem, small in yellow and large in white. The fruit is an oblong shape compressed with a dark colored seed.
Habitat and Distribution
Zapatal is a plant native to Mexico that is adapted to the conditions of temperate and semi-warm climates. It is situated at altitude levels between 1200 and 4000 meters above sea level.
It is a medium to high sized shrub associated with ecosystems of pastures and xerophilous scrub. Similarly, it is located in forests of oak and pine, mixed oak-pine trees, and -juníosos- in juniper or juniper forests.
Chemical analysis of the species Montano tomentosa CESR. Evidence of the presence of an essential oil formed by various terpenoids. Among them a B-pinene, A-terpineol, A-tugeno, borneol, camphene, limonene, linalool, myrtenol, myrcene and oimene; as well as the sesquiterpenes b-caryophyllene, a-copaene, b-cubebeno and b-endesmaneno.
At the level of roots and leaves, diterpenes, grandiflorénico, kaurenoico, kauradienoico and monoginóico acids have been detected. Ditrapes, sesquaterpenoids and sterols have been identified in the leaves; And in the root diterpenos.
Laboratory analysis has allowed the separation of compounds of medicinal activity in zapatal plant material; kaurenoic and monogynoic acids—which regulate fertility in mammals—, angelograndifluoric acid—which acts on uterine contractions, and sesquiterpic lactones—cytotoxic activity—.
Now know about the health benefits of Zoapatle. It is common in traditional culture to use zopetal to treat natural discomforts of women. It is used to reduce, promote, speed up and speed up labor related problems related to labor.
The traditional way of cooking it is as an infusion based on leaves and roots, along with chocolate and cinnamon. It is recommended to consume at the time of initiating contractions, similarly when a complicated delivery is conceived.
In the postpartum phase it is advisable to take a zoapetal tea prepared with the branches and leaves of epazote-sepico and flavored with punecillo-panella. Allows the matrix to be cleared before and after delivery and prevents postpartum haemorrhage.
Ancestral beliefs of Mesoamerican cultures highlight zoapetal and chocolate baths in the temposal – special vapor baths. In fact, this practice allows contractions to accelerate when the delivery period is due and the woman has not dilated the cervix.
Zoepetal has an emmenagogue beginning, as it allows to regulate menstrual disorders, normalize the cycle and speed up the menstrual flow. In this case, it is recommended to rapidly eat a thick decoction of the leaves and tender branches for a period of three days.
This same infusion diluted in more water is used to activate delayed menstruation. Similarly, adding fodder buds to the infusion can cause pain or menstrual cramps and irritation in the uterus.
Cooking zoapetal leaves is very effective for healing wounds after childbirth, also stimulating the production of colostrum. In addition, it is used to soothe pain caused by arthritis and constipation. It is said that it is useful to overcome laziness.
Now let’s know about other applications of Zoapatle. Because of its size and great leaf, the zoapetal plant is planted in coffee and cocoa plantations to provide shade. In addition, it is used as a fence around a pad or as a demarcation of various agricultural holdings.
Sprouts and flowers are valued in traditional cuisine as dietary supplements due to their high protein and lipid content. The flowers are boiled, stewed or fried and used as a gastronomic substitute in traditional dishes.
In horticulture, Zoptel plants are grown in parks and gardens. Soft, fine and model wood is used to make handicrafts, kitchen utensils and figures of Mexican culture.
Now let’s know about the difference of Zoapatle. There is experimental evidence that Zoptel decoction stimulates contraction and dilation of the uterus, as well as its abortive effect. This plant has a toxic effect due to the presence of toxins at the bark and seed level.
The presence of an alkaloid similar to tubocurarine, also known as D-tubocurarine or DTC, causes seminal paralysis in some people. Cooking too concentrated food can paralyze muscles, block nerve impulses, cause respiratory paralysis, asphyxiation, even death.
Species Montano tomentosa It is considered a very dangerous abortion plant. Infusion of zoapetal mixed with apple leaves and roots of corn fasting induces early abortion.